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Die neoliberale Agrargesetzgebung in México, 1992-2005

Authors: Acosta Reveles, Irma Lorena;

Die neoliberale Agrargesetzgebung in México, 1992-2005

Abstract

Under the pressure of NAFTA negotiations Mexican government changed the agrarian legislation at the beginning of the 1990. This reform meant turning away from the former leitmotiv of social justice brought up in the revolution towards the neoliberal paradigm of economic efficiency. The old system of subsedies and and institutional support was replaced by a market- and export orientation, the priority of community land was replaced by the primacy of private property rights in order to capitalize the Mexican agriculture. This paper analyses whether the goals of increasing productivity and changing the production structure where achieved. There are three basic outcomes from the reforms: small scale farmers have los market shares and depend on non-agricultural incomes. Secondly, the trading of land is marginal, as export goods are produced on a small share of productive land and the agricultural corporations have many alternative to the purchase Hof land. The capitalization of agricultural enterprises has also been minimal. These results cause a regional concentration of agricultural corporations and lead to a further marginalization Hof small scale farmers.

Subjects by Vocabulary

JEL Classification: jel:K11 jel:Q15 jel:R14

Keywords

Agrarian legislation; Mexico;

33 references, page 1 of 4

Acosta Reveles, Irma Lorena. 2003. Influencia del neoliberalismo en la dialéctica del campesinado. Experiencia de México. Ed. LVII Legislatura del Estado de Zacatecas y Unidad de Ciencia Política. Zacatecas, México.

Acosta Reveles, Irma Lorena. 2005. De campesinos a multifuncionales . La explotación agrícola familiar en México. En Revista Vínculo Jurídico, Revista de la Unidad Académica de Derecho de la UAZ. número 61. Enero-marzo. Zacatecas, México. [OpenAIRE]

ASERCA, 2003. LA INICIATIVA DEL ZÓCALO RURAL: EL IICA AL SERVICIO DE LA AGRICULTURA Y EL BIENESTAR RURAL DE MÉXICO, Disponible en http://www.infoaserca.gob.mx/ponencias/DR-MOSCARDI-presASERCA.pdf

Bartra, Armando, 2003. COSECHAS DE IRA, Economía política de la contrarreforma agraria. Ed. Itaca e Instituto Maya A.C. México.

Barrón, Ema; Sifuentes, Ema Lorena y Hernández, José Manuel. 2002. APERTURA ECONÓMICA EN LAS FRUTAS Y HORTALIZAS DE EXPORTACIÓN EN MÉXICO. Un acercamiento al estudio de la segmentación de los mercados de fuerza de trabajo. Dirección Editorial Universitaria. México.

CEPAL, 2004. LA INVERSIÓN EXTRANJERA EN AMÉRICA LATINA Y EL CARIBE, 2003, Mayo, CEPAL-Naciones Unidas. Chile.

CEPAL, 2005b. PANORAMA 2005. EL NUEVO PATRÓN DE DESARROLLO DE LA GRICULTURA EN AMÉRICA LATINA Y EL CARIBE. Unidad de Desarrollo Agrícola. Naciones Unidas, Santiago de Chile.

CEPAL, 2005c. INFORMACIÓN BÁSICA DEL SECTOR AGROPECUARIO, SUBREGIÓN NORTE DE AMÉRICA LATINA Y EL CARIBE 1990-2003, Naciones Unidas, México

CLOC, 2004. COMENTARIO SOBRE LA POLÍTICA DE TIERRA Y DESARROLLO RURAL DEL BANCO MUNDIAL. Disponible en: http://movimiento.org/cloc/show_text.php?Key=2714

Contreras Castillo, José M. 2005. La eliminación de los subsidios a las exportaciones agrícolas: implicaciones para México. En REVISTA COMERCIO EXTERIOR, vol. 55, núm. 2, febrero. México.

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citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
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