publication . Article . 2011

Adaptation in the age of ecological genomics: insights from parallelism and convergence

Elmer, Kathryn R.; Meyer, Axel;
Open Access
  • Published: 01 Jan 2011
  • Publisher: Elsevier BV
  • Country: Germany
Abstract
Parallel phenotypic diversification in closely related species is a rigorous framework for testing the role of natural selection in evolution. Do parallel phenotypes always diversify by parallel genetic bases or does selection pave many alternative genomic routes to the same phenotypic ends? In this review, we show that the advent of next-generation sequencing technologies and the growing use of genomic approaches make it increasingly feasible to answer these fundamental questions using ecological and evolutionary ‘non-model’ populations of vertebrates in nature. While it is generally expected, and often observed, that closely related populations or species have...
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Subjects
free text keywords: Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics, Biology, Diversification (marketing strategy), Natural selection, Phenotype, Genomics, Ecology, ddc:570
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