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Publication . Article . Preprint . Other literature type . 2018

The SISAL database: a global resource to document oxygen and carbon isotope records from speleothems

Atsawawaranunt, Kamolphat; Comas-Bru, Laia; Mozhdehi, Sahar Amirnezhad; Deininger, Michael; Harrison, Sandy P.; Baker, Andy; Boyd, Meighan; +78 Authors
Open Access
Published: 14 Sep 2018 Journal: Earth System Science Data, volume 10, pages 1,687-1,713 (issn: 1866-3508, eissn: 1866-3516, Copyright policy )
Publisher: Copernicus Publications
Stable isotope records from speleothems provide information on past climate changes, most particularly information that can be used to reconstruct past changes in precipitation and atmospheric circulation. These records are increasingly being used to provide “out-of-sample” evaluations of isotope-enabled climate models. SISAL (Speleothem Isotope Synthesis and Analysis) is an international working group of the Past Global Changes (PAGES) project. The working group aims to provide a comprehensive compilation of speleothem isotope records for climate reconstruction and model evaluation. The SISAL database contains data for individual speleothems, grouped by cave system. Stable isotopes of oxygen and carbon (δ18O, δ13C) measurements are referenced by distance from the top or bottom of the speleothem. Additional tables provide information on dating, including information on the dates used to construct the original age model and sufficient information to assess the quality of each data set and to erect a standardized chronology across different speleothems. The metadata table provides location information, information on the full range of measurements carried out on each speleothem and information on the cave system that is relevant to the interpretation of the records, as well as citations for both publications and archived data. The compiled data are available at
Subjects by Vocabulary

Library of Congress Subject Headings: lcsh:Environmental sciences lcsh:GE1-350 lcsh:Geology lcsh:QE1-996.5

Microsoft Academic Graph classification: Database computer.software_genre computer Environmental science Stable isotope ratio Paleoclimatology Metadata Cave geography.geographical_feature_category geography Chronology Speleothem Climate model Climate change

ACM Computing Classification System: ComputingMilieux_MISCELLANEOUS


Climate Research, Klimatforskning, General Earth and Planetary Sciences, F800, PALEOCLIMATOLOGIA, Oxygen isotopes, Carbon isotopes, Speleothem, Database, Palaeoclimate, Paleoclimate, [SDU.STU.CL]Sciences of the Universe [physics]/Earth Sciences/Climatology, [SDE.MCG]Environmental Sciences/Global Changes, [SDU.ENVI]Sciences of the Universe [physics]/Continental interfaces, environment, speleothems

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Funded by
EC| GC2.0
Global Change 2.0: Unlocking the past for a clearer future
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 694481
  • Funding stream: H2020 | ERC | ERC-ADG
Validated by funder
Related to Research communities
NEANIAS Atmospheric Research Community