publication . Article . 2018

Deep cultural ancestry and human development indicators across nation states

Roland B. Sookias; Sam Passmore; Quentin D. Atkinson;
Open Access
  • Published: 11 Apr 2018
  • Publisher: The Royal Society
  • Country: United Kingdom
Abstract
<jats:p>How historical connections, events and cultural proximity can influence human development is being increasingly recognized. One aspect of history that has only recently begun to be examined is deep cultural ancestry, i.e. the vertical relationships of descent between cultures, which can be represented by a phylogenetic tree of descent. Here, we test whether deep cultural ancestry predicts the United Nations Human Development Index (HDI) for 44 Eurasian countries, using language ancestry as a proxy for cultural relatedness and controlling for three additional factors—geographical proximity, religion and former communism. While cultural ancestry alone pred...
Subjects
free text keywords: 1001, 70, 44, Biology (Whole Organism), Research Article, phylogenetics, cultural evolution, international development, Indo-European, Cultural evolution, Indo-European, International development, Phylogenetics, /dk/atira/pure/researchoutput/pubmedpublicationtype/D016428, Journal Article, History, Human development (biology), International development, Environmental ethics, Sociocultural evolution, lcsh:Science, lcsh:Q
Related Organizations
Funded by
EC| VARIKIN
Project
VARIKIN
Cultural Evolution of Kinship Diversity: Variation in Language, Cognition, and Social Norms Regarding Family
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 639291
  • Funding stream: H2020 | ERC | ERC-STG
Validated by funder
,
EC| ARCHOSAUR RISE
Project
ARCHOSAUR RISE
The early Mesozoic rise of archosaurs: New insights into an exemplar evolutionary radiation
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 630123
  • Funding stream: FP7 | SP3 | PEOPLE
Communities
Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage
111 references, page 1 of 8

1 United Nations Development Programme U. 1990 United Nations human development report. New York, NY: United Nations.

2 United Nations Development Programme U. 2013 United Nations human development report. New York, NY: United Nations.

3 Kelley AC 1991 The Human Development Index—’handle with care’. Popul. Dev. Rev.17, 315–324. (doi:10.2307/1973733)

4 Gallup JL, Sachs JD, Mellinger AD 1999 Geography and economic development. Int. Reg. Sci. Rev.22, 179–232. (doi:10.1177/016001799761012334)

5 Sachs JD, Malaney P 2002 The economic and social burden of malaria. Nature 415, 680–685. (doi:10.1038/415680a)11832956 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

6 Mkandawire T 2001 So cial policy in a development context. Geneva, Switzerland: United Nations Research Institute for Social Development.

7 Haq MU 1992 Human development in a changing world: technical report. New York, NY: United Nations Development Programme.

8 Diamond J 1997 Guns, germs and steel. New York, NY: Norton.

9 Fan S, Kanbur R, Zhang X 2011 China's regional disparities: experience and policy. Rev. Dev. Finance 1, 47–56. (doi:10.1016/j.rdf.2010.10.001)

10 Yu C et al.2012 Ecological and environmental issues faced by a developing Tibet. Environ. Sci. Technol.46, 1979–1980. (doi:10.1021/es2047188)22304386 [PubMed]

11 Gobineau A 1915 The inequality of human races. New York, NY: G. P. Putnam's.

12 Lynn R, Vanhanen T 2002 IQ and the wealth of nations. Westport, CT: Praeger/Greenwood.

13 Gould SJ 1981 The mismeasure of man. New York, NY: W. W. Norton and Company.

14 Fairchild HH 1991 Scientific racism: the cloak of objectivity. J. Soc. Issues 47, 101–115. (doi:10.1111/j.1540-4560.1991.tb01825.x)

15 Hunt E, Wittmann W 2008 National intelligence and national prosperity. Intelligence 36, 1–9. (doi:10.1016/j.intell.2006.11.002)

111 references, page 1 of 8
Abstract
<jats:p>How historical connections, events and cultural proximity can influence human development is being increasingly recognized. One aspect of history that has only recently begun to be examined is deep cultural ancestry, i.e. the vertical relationships of descent between cultures, which can be represented by a phylogenetic tree of descent. Here, we test whether deep cultural ancestry predicts the United Nations Human Development Index (HDI) for 44 Eurasian countries, using language ancestry as a proxy for cultural relatedness and controlling for three additional factors—geographical proximity, religion and former communism. While cultural ancestry alone pred...
Subjects
free text keywords: 1001, 70, 44, Biology (Whole Organism), Research Article, phylogenetics, cultural evolution, international development, Indo-European, Cultural evolution, Indo-European, International development, Phylogenetics, /dk/atira/pure/researchoutput/pubmedpublicationtype/D016428, Journal Article, History, Human development (biology), International development, Environmental ethics, Sociocultural evolution, lcsh:Science, lcsh:Q
Related Organizations
Funded by
EC| VARIKIN
Project
VARIKIN
Cultural Evolution of Kinship Diversity: Variation in Language, Cognition, and Social Norms Regarding Family
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 639291
  • Funding stream: H2020 | ERC | ERC-STG
Validated by funder
,
EC| ARCHOSAUR RISE
Project
ARCHOSAUR RISE
The early Mesozoic rise of archosaurs: New insights into an exemplar evolutionary radiation
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 630123
  • Funding stream: FP7 | SP3 | PEOPLE
Communities
Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage
111 references, page 1 of 8

1 United Nations Development Programme U. 1990 United Nations human development report. New York, NY: United Nations.

2 United Nations Development Programme U. 2013 United Nations human development report. New York, NY: United Nations.

3 Kelley AC 1991 The Human Development Index—’handle with care’. Popul. Dev. Rev.17, 315–324. (doi:10.2307/1973733)

4 Gallup JL, Sachs JD, Mellinger AD 1999 Geography and economic development. Int. Reg. Sci. Rev.22, 179–232. (doi:10.1177/016001799761012334)

5 Sachs JD, Malaney P 2002 The economic and social burden of malaria. Nature 415, 680–685. (doi:10.1038/415680a)11832956 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

6 Mkandawire T 2001 So cial policy in a development context. Geneva, Switzerland: United Nations Research Institute for Social Development.

7 Haq MU 1992 Human development in a changing world: technical report. New York, NY: United Nations Development Programme.

8 Diamond J 1997 Guns, germs and steel. New York, NY: Norton.

9 Fan S, Kanbur R, Zhang X 2011 China's regional disparities: experience and policy. Rev. Dev. Finance 1, 47–56. (doi:10.1016/j.rdf.2010.10.001)

10 Yu C et al.2012 Ecological and environmental issues faced by a developing Tibet. Environ. Sci. Technol.46, 1979–1980. (doi:10.1021/es2047188)22304386 [PubMed]

11 Gobineau A 1915 The inequality of human races. New York, NY: G. P. Putnam's.

12 Lynn R, Vanhanen T 2002 IQ and the wealth of nations. Westport, CT: Praeger/Greenwood.

13 Gould SJ 1981 The mismeasure of man. New York, NY: W. W. Norton and Company.

14 Fairchild HH 1991 Scientific racism: the cloak of objectivity. J. Soc. Issues 47, 101–115. (doi:10.1111/j.1540-4560.1991.tb01825.x)

15 Hunt E, Wittmann W 2008 National intelligence and national prosperity. Intelligence 36, 1–9. (doi:10.1016/j.intell.2006.11.002)

111 references, page 1 of 8
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