publication . Article . 2021

Loessoids of Russia: Varieties and distribution

Valery Astakhov; Ludmila Pestova; Valentina Shkatova;
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  • Published: 18 Jan 2021 Journal: Quaternary International, volume 620, pages 24-35 (issn: 1040-6182, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Elsevier BV
Abstract This review serves as an explanatory note to the sketch map of loessoids, i.e. loess and various loess-like deposits. The map is a byproduct of the ongoing project of Quaternary Map of the Russian Federation, scale 1:2,500,000 in GIS-format. The primary information is derived from the standard National Geological Map scale 1:1,000,000 of the last two generations supplemented by literary data. The map polygons present all mappable loessoid units, including thick southern carbonate loess with paleosols, loess-like silts of northern terrains, intercalations of loessic sediments with waterlain facies and icy silts of the Arctic and Subarctic type. The loessoid formations are classified according to their stratigraphic intervals: 1) the radiocarbon dated Upper Pleistocene of northern terrains, 2) the Middle plus Upper Pleistocene of central Russia, 3) the late Lower Pleistocene to Upper Pleistocene series of southern regions and 4) the Lower Pleistocene red clays of the south. The distribution of diverse loessoids is an imprint of: i) the diverse sedimentary environments of the basically arid periglacial zones of the Pleistocene and ii) the modern geographical zonality changing from subtropics to the icy High Arctic and responsible for post-depositional alteration of subaerial dust. Whatever the origin of the primary dust and geographical varieties of the diagenesis, all loessoids share the same fundamental feature – paleosols, whether numerous and expressive or scarce and weak. They underline the climatically driven intermittent process of loessoid formation – basically subaerial and independent of any aqueous agencies.
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Fields of Science and Technology classification (FOS)
01 natural sciences, 0105 earth and related environmental sciences, 010502 geochemistry & geophysics, 010506 paleontology
free text keywords: Earth-Surface Processes, Geologic map, Arctic, Paleontology, Geology, Paleosol, Pleistocene, Subaerial, Loess, Quaternary, Radiocarbon dating, law.invention, law
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Quaternary International
Article . 2021
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