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East African Medical Journal
Article . 2009 . Peer-reviewed
East African Medical Journal
Article . 2009 . Peer-reviewed
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Profile Of Bacteria And Fungi On Money Coins

Authors: J K N, Kuria; R G, Wahome; M, Jobalamin; S M, Kariuki;

Profile Of Bacteria And Fungi On Money Coins

Abstract

Objectives: To determine the quantity and quality of bacterial and fungi on money coins and to identify those that could pose a public health risk. Design: Random sampling of coins from subjects within predetermined categories. Setting: Westlands division of Nairobi Metropolitan province. Subjects: Twenty-shilling coin samples were collected from matatu (a common commuter vehicle in Kenya) taxi conductors, greengrocers, shoe shiners, butchers, food kiosk/restaurant attendants, grocery shops attendants, roast maize vendors and school children. Forty coin samples were analysed for both the total viable content and the types of bacterial and fungal organisms. Results: Average bacterial content on the coins ranged from 2.3xl03 to 25.5x103 and fungi content from 11 to 377 colony forming units. The following potentially pathogenic bacteria were among those isolated: Escherichia coli, Klebsiella, Serratia, Enterobacter, Salmonella, Acinetobacter, Enterococci, Staphylococcus and Bacillus cereus. In addition, this is the first report of potentially pathogenic fungal isolation from money coins. Penicillium spp, Aspergillus niger, Fusarium, Rhizopus, Altenaria spp, Candida spp and Cryptococcus were isolated. Conclusion: Money coins harbour potentially pathogenic bacteria and fungi that may pose a public health risk. Hand hygiene is therefore strongly recommended, especially for those who simultaneously handle food and money.

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Subjects by Vocabulary

Microsoft Academic Graph classification: Salmonella Numismatics media_common.quotation_subject Biology medicine.disease_cause Toxicology Hygiene medicine media_common business.industry Pathogenic bacteria Enterobacter Acinetobacter biology.organism_classification Biotechnology Communicable disease transmission Penicillium business

Keywords

Colony Count, Microbial, Communicable Diseases, Numismatics, Humans, Bacteria, Fungi, Bacterial Infections, General Medicine, Kenya, Mycoses, Fomites

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  • citations
    This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    23
    popularity
    This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
    Top 10%
    influence
    This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    Top 10%
    impulse
    This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
    Average
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citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Impulse provided by BIP!
23
Top 10%
Top 10%
Average
bronze
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