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Publication . 2021

The Island Trade Route of São Tomé in the 16th Century

Caldeira, Arlindo Manuel;
Open Access
English
Published: 31 Dec 2021
Country: Portugal
Abstract
UIDB/04666/2020 UIDP/04666/2020 The ‘São Tomé carreira’ was not just the route that connected Lisbon to the island at the Equator. It stretched along the west coast of Africa to Elmina, Congo, and Angola, and in another direction reached Central America and Brazil. In Europe, it had extensions to the Northern countries of the continent and reached the Italian markets in the Mediterranean. Although it survived beyond this period, it attained its peak in the century from roughly 1520 to 1620. What kept most parts of the route in movement was the trafficking of enslaved Africans, but during this period sugar trade (of which São Tomé and Príncipe became the world's largest producers) also played a major role. A ‘carreira de São Tomé’ não era apenas a rota que unia Lisboa à ilha do Equador. Prolongava-se pela costa ocidental de África até à Mina, ao Congo e a Angola e, noutra direcção, atingia a América Central e o Brasil. Na Europa, tinha extensões pelos países do Noroeste do continente e chegava às praças italianas do Mediterrâneo. Embora tenha sobrevivido para lá desse período, a sua época mais florescente durou cerca de um século, grosso modo entre 1520 e 1620. O que animava a maioria dos segmentos da ‘carreira’ era o tráfico de africanos escravizados, mas, durante o referido período, também o comércio do açúcar (de que São Tomé e Príncipe chegou a ser o maior produtor mundial) teve um papel decisivo. publishersversion published
Subjects

16th century, Enslaved Africans, Sugar, São Tomé island, ‘Carreira’, Ilha de São Tomé, Século XVI, Africanos escravizados, Açúcar, History, Cultural Studies, Education

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