publication . Article . 2013

Ravitsemisoskus kui pärimusrühma ühisteadmus: Siberi Rõžkovo küla näide

Anu Korb;
Open Access Estonian
  • Published: 20 Nov 2013 Journal: Mäetagused, volume 34 (issn: 1406-9938, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Eesti Kirjandusmuuseum
Abstract
The article explores the use of folk healing methods in the mixed Estonian and Finnish lore group (called virulased), who have settled in the village of Ryzhkovo. The village was established around 1803 as an ethnically mixed Lutheran settlement in West Siberia. The material is based on fieldwork conducted by the author in the village in 1999, 2000 and 2004. By this time, Ryzhkovo had become a multiethnic and multilingual village, where the territory was divided in half between the local Latvian population and the virulased. Knowledge about popular healing methods and healing words has been better preserved in older Siberian villages than in Estonia. In Siberia it was necessitated by both a practical need as well as living in the sphere of influence of the neighbouring cultures, where verbal magic was well preserved. Folk healers, however, do not emerge very prominently among the virulased lore group in Ryzhkovo, since healing skills are viewed as a collective traditional knowledge passed on from one generation to another. It is believed that healing skills and spells are accessible to and can be learned by anyone. The multiethnic and multilingual environment has favoured the adoption and incorporation of healing spells and methods of the neighbouring cultures in the local tradition; folk healing methods have also been upheld owing to pragmatic reasons. Factors affecting the fading of the tradition include the long-term socio-political pressure on folk healers, forceful development of the national medical system, as well as the attitudes of members of the lore group, who traditionally accepted only healers of advanced age. The changes have affected the adaptation of healing methods, types of spells, and narrowing of repertoire. At the same time, in the contemporary situation of political and economic freedom, interest towards popular healing ways and methods is definitely growing.
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Subjects
free text keywords: community, multiculturalism, folk medicine, healing spell, healer, Siberia, Anthropology, Cultural Studies, lcsh:Ethnology. Social and cultural anthropology, lcsh:GN301-674, History
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