publication . Article . 2014

Kaama-taguste udmurtide ettekujutused elamu kaitsevaimudest

Ranus Sadikov;
Open Access Estonian
  • Published: 05 Feb 2014 Journal: Mäetagused, volume 13 (issn: 1406-9938, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Eesti Kirjandusmuuseum
Abstract
The tradition of the Udmurts beyond the River Kaama includes the following supernatural creatures that protect houses and outbuildings: korkakuzjo, or the cottage guardian, gulbech taka - the cottage guardian, who appears in the shape of a ram and lives in the cellar, gidkuzjo - the guardian spirit of cattle-sheds or stables, minchokuzjo - the guardian of the sauna, kuzjõrsi - the long-haired fairy inhabiting the sauna. While korkakuzjo and gidkuzjo could be either good or evil creatures, then gulbech taka, minchokuzjo and kuzjõrsi were utterly malevolent. Besides believing in spirits connected to various buildings the Udmurts beyond the Kaama also believed in the presence of zõrtkuzjo, the guardian spirit of the whole household, which embodied the characteristic features of both the cottage and stable fairy. By nature, zõrtkuzjo was both a benevolent and an evil spirit.
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free text keywords: Anthropology, Cultural Studies, lcsh:Ethnology. Social and cultural anthropology, lcsh:GN301-674, History
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  • Social Science and Humanities
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