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Publication . Article . 2021

A data-driven approach to studying changing vocabularies in historical newspaper collections

Hengchen, Simon; Ros, Ruben; Marjanen, Jani; Tolonen, Mikko;
Open Access
English
Abstract

Abstract Nation and nationhood are among the most frequently studied concepts in the field of intellectual history. At the same time, the word ‘nation’ and its historical usage are very vague. The aim in this article was to develop a data-driven method using dependency parsing and neural word embeddings to clarify some of the vagueness in the evolution of this concept. To this end, we propose the following two-step method. First, using linguistic processing, we create a large set of words pertaining to the topic of nation. Second, we train diachronic word embeddings and use them to quantify the strength of the semantic similarity between these words and thereby create meaningful clusters, which are then aligned diachronically. To illustrate the robustness of the study across languages, time spans, as well as large datasets, we apply it to the entirety of five historical newspaper archives in Dutch, Swedish, Finnish, and English. To our knowledge, thus far there have been no large-scale comparative studies of this kind that purport to grasp long-term developments in as many as four different languages in a data-driven way. A particular strength of the method we describe in this article is that, by design, it is not limited to the study of nationhood, but rather expands beyond it to other research questions and is reusable in different contexts.

Subjects by Vocabulary

Medical Subject Headings: education

Microsoft Academic Graph classification: Newspaper Sociology Data-driven World Wide Web

Subjects

113 Computer and information sciences, 6121 Languages, Computer Science Applications, Linguistics and Language, Language and Linguistics, Information Systems

Funded by
EC| NewsEye
Project
NewsEye
NewsEye: A Digital Investigator for Historical Newspapers
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 770299
  • Funding stream: H2020 | RIA
,
EC| NewsEye
Project
NewsEye
NewsEye: A Digital Investigator for Historical Newspapers
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 770299
  • Funding stream: H2020 | RIA
Related to Research communities
Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage
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