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Publication . Article . Other literature type . Preprint . 2021

Packaging research artefacts with RO-Crate

Soiland-Reyes, Stian; Sefton, Peter; Crosas, Merc��; Castro, Leyla Jael; Coppens, Frederik; Fern��ndez, Jos�� M.; Garijo, Daniel; +9 Authors
Open Access
An increasing number of researchers support reproducibility by including pointers to and descriptions of datasets, software and methods in their publications. However, scientific articles may be ambiguous, incomplete and difficult to process by automated systems. In this paper we introduce RO-Crate, an open, community-driven, and lightweight approach to packaging research artefacts along with their metadata in a machine readable manner. RO-Crate is based on Schema$.$org annotations in JSON-LD, aiming to establish best practices to formally describe metadata in an accessible and practical way for their use in a wide variety of situations. An RO-Crate is a structured archive of all the items that contributed to a research outcome, including their identifiers, provenance, relations and annotations. As a general purpose packaging approach for data and their metadata, RO-Crate is used across multiple areas, including bioinformatics, digital humanities and regulatory sciences. By applying "just enough" Linked Data standards, RO-Crate simplifies the process of making research outputs FAIR while also enhancing research reproducibility. An RO-Crate for this article is available at
Comment: 42 pages. Submitted to Data Science

Digital Libraries (cs.DL), FOS: Computer and information sciences, H.1.1; H.3.2, Computer Science - Digital Libraries, H.1.1, H.3.2, Data publishing, Data packaging, FAIR, Linked DAta, Metadata, Reproducibility, Research Object, Biology and Life Sciences, Technology and Engineering, General Engineering, General Medicine

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Funded byView all
REsearch LIfecycle mAnagemeNt for Earth Science Communities and CopErnicus users in EOSC
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 101017501
  • Funding stream: H2020 | RIA
Validated by funder
Industrial Biotechnology Innovation and Synthetic Biology Accelerator
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 730976
  • Funding stream: H2020 | RIA
Industrial Biotechnology Innovation and Synthetic Biology Accelerator Preparatory Phase
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 871118
  • Funding stream: H2020 | CSA
  • Funder: Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC)
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