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Publication . Article . 2018

Retelling the Crusaders' Defeat in Hungary: Cultural Contact between Jewish and Christian Chroniclers

Barzilay, Tzafrir;
Open Access
English
Abstract
This essay examines similarities between the Hebrew chronicle of Shlomo bar Shimshon and the Latin chronicle of Albert of Aachen. Both sources describe the massacre of Rhineland Jews during the First Crusade and the subsequent defeat of the Crusaders by the Hungarians and the Bulgarians. On the basis of similarities in structure, content, and language between these two accounts, I argue that Shlomo chose to integrate at least one Christian source into his narrative. At the same time, I assert that it is unlikely that Shlomo’s Hebrew account was translated directly from Albert’s Latin chronicle. I present evidence indicating that the information conveyed in the Latin text reached the Jewish chronicler via vernacular channels, either oral or written.
This is a pre-print of an article published in Jewish History. The final authenticated version is available online at: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10835-018-9288-2
Subjects by Vocabulary

Microsoft Academic Graph classification: Narrative Content (Freudian dream analysis) Hebrew language.human_language language Judaism Bulgarian Vernacular Classics Chose History Latin text

Subjects

Shlomo bar Shimshon, Albert of Aachen, Chronicles, First Crusade, Hungary, History, Cultural Studies

Funded by
EC| BeyondtheElite
Project
BeyondtheElite
Beyond the Elite: Jewish Daily Life in Medieval Europe
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 681507
  • Funding stream: H2020 | ERC | ERC-COG
Validated by funder
,
EC| BeyondtheElite
Project
BeyondtheElite
Beyond the Elite: Jewish Daily Life in Medieval Europe
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 681507
  • Funding stream: H2020 | ERC | ERC-COG
Validated by funder
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