publication . Article . Other literature type . 2020

Bipolar volcanic synchronization of abrupt climate change in Greenland and Antarctic ice cores during the last glacial period

Anders Svensson; Dorthe Dahl-Jensen; Jørgen Peder Steffensen; Thomas Blunier; Sune O. Rasmussen; Bo M. Vinther; Paul Vallelonga; Emilie Capron; Vasileios Gkinis; Eliza Cook; ...
Open Access English
  • Published: 19 Aug 2020
  • Publisher: Copernicus
Abstract
<p><span id="page1566"/>The last glacial period is characterized by a number of millennial climate events that have been identified in both Greenland and Antarctic ice cores and that are abrupt in Greenland climate records. The mechanisms governing this climate variability remain a puzzle that requires a precise synchronization of ice cores from the two hemispheres to be resolved. Previously, Greenland and Antarctic ice cores have been synchronized primarily via their common records of gas concentrations or isotopes from the trapped air and via cosmogenic isotopes measured on the ice. In this work, we apply ice core volcanic proxies and annual layer counting to ...
Subjects
free text keywords: [SDU.STU.GL]Sciences of the Universe [physics]/Earth Sciences/Glaciology, [SDU.STU.CL]Sciences of the Universe [physics]/Earth Sciences/Climatology, 530 Physics, Stratigraphy, Palaeontology, Global and Planetary Change
Funded by
SNSF| EURODIVERSITY 2005 FP083-MICROSYSTEMS: Microbial Diversity and Functionality in Cold Water Coral Reef Ecosystems
Project
  • Funder: Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF)
  • Project Code: 20ED21-114216
  • Funding stream: Project funding | Project funding (special)
,
EC| THERA
Project
THERA
Timing of Holocene volcanic eruptions and their radiative aerosol forcing
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 820047
  • Funding stream: H2020 | ERC | ERC-COG
,
EC| TiPES
Project
TiPES
Tipping Points in the Earth System
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 820970
  • Funding stream: H2020 | RIA
Validated by funder
,
NSF| Collaborative Research: Investigating Upper Pleistocene Rapid Climate Change using Continuous, Ultra-High-Resolution Aerosol and Gas Measurements in the WAIS Divide Ice Core
Project
  • Funder: National Science Foundation (NSF)
  • Project Code: 1142166
  • Funding stream: Directorate for Geosciences | Division of Polar Programs
,
NSF| Collaborative Research: Integrated High Resolution Chemical and Biological Measurements on the Deep WAIS Divide Core
Project
  • Funder: National Science Foundation (NSF)
  • Project Code: 0839093
  • Funding stream: Directorate for Geosciences | Division of Polar Programs
Communities
EuroMarine
European Marine Science
Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage
98 references, page 1 of 7

Abbott, P. M. and Davies, S. M.: Volcanism and the Greenland icecores: the tephra record, Earth-Sci. Rev., 115, 173-191, 2012.

Adolphi, F. and Muscheler, R.: Synchronizing the Greenland ice core and radiocarbon timescales over the Holocene - Bayesian wiggle-matching of cosmogenic radionuclide records, Clim. Past, 12, 15-30, https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-12-15-2016, 2016. [OpenAIRE]

Adolphi, F., Bronk Ramsey, C., Erhardt, T., Edwards, R. L., Cheng, H., Turney, C. S. M., Cooper, A., Svensson, A., Rasmussen, S. O., Fischer, H., and Muscheler, R.: Connecting the Greenland ice-core and U=Th timescales via cosmogenic radionuclides: testing the synchroneity of Dansgaard-Oeschger events, Clim. Past, 14, 1755-1781, https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-14-1755-2018, 2018. [OpenAIRE]

Andersen, K. K., Svensson, A., Rasmussen, S. O., Steffensen, J. P., Johnsen, S. J., Bigler, M., Röthlisberger, R., Ruth, U., SiggaardAndersen, M.-L., Dahl-Jensen, D., Vinther, B. M., and Clausen, H. B.: The Greenland Ice Core Chronology 2005, 15-42 ka. Part 1: constructing the time scale, Quaternary Sci. Rev., 25, 3246-3257, 2006.

Baldini, J. U. L., Brown, R. J., and Mawdsley, N.: Evaluating the link between the sulfur-rich Laacher See volcanic eruption and the Younger Dryas climate anomaly, Clim. Past, 14, 969-990, https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-14-969-2018, 2018.

Bender, M., Sowers, T., Dickson, M.-L., Orchardo, J., Grootes, P., Mayewski, P. A., and Meese, D. A.: Climate correlations between Greenland and Antarctica during the last 100 000 years, Nature, 372, 663-666, 1994.

Bigler, M.: Hochauflösende Spurenstoffmessungen an polaren Eisbohrkernen: Glazio-chemische und klimatische Prozessstudien, 2004, PhD dissertation, Physics Institute, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland, 2004.

Blunier, T., Chappellaz, J., Schwander, J., Dällenbach, A., Stauffer, B., Stocker, T. F., Raynaud, D., Jouzel, J., Clausen, H. B., Hammer, C. U., and Johnsen, S. J.: Asynchrony of Antarctic and Greenland climate change during the last glacial period, Nature, 394, 739-743, 1998. [OpenAIRE]

Blunier, T., Spahni, R., Barnola, J.-M., Chappellaz, J., Loulergue, L., and Schwander, J.: Synchronization of ice core records via atmospheric gases, Clim. Past, 3, 325-330, https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-3-325-2007, 2007. [OpenAIRE]

Bourne, A. J., Cook, E., Abbott, P. M., Seierstad, I. K., Steffensen, J. P., Svensson, A., Fischer, H., Schupbach, S., and Davies, S. M.: A tephra lattice for Greenland and a reconstruction of volcanic events spanning 25-45 ka b2k, Quaternary Sci. Rev., 118, 122- 141, 2015.

Bourne, A. J., Abbott, P. M., Albert, P. G., Cook, E., Pearce, N. J. G., Ponomareva, V., Svensson, A., and Davies, S. M.: Underestimated risks of recurrent long-range ash dispersal from northern Pacific Arc volcanoes, Sci. Rep., 6, 29837, https://doi.org/10.1038/srep29837, 2016.

Buizert, C., Sigl, M., Severi, M., Markle, B. R., Wettstein, J. J., McConnell, J. R., Pedro, J. B., Sodemann, H., Goto-Azuma, K., Kawamura, K., Fujita, S., Motoyama, H., Hirabayashi, M., Uemura, R., Stenni, B., Parrenin, F., He, F., Fudge, T. J., and Steig, E. J.: Abrupt ice-age shifts in southern westerly winds and Antarctic climate forced from the north, Nature, 563, 681-685, 2018. [OpenAIRE]

Burke, A., Moore, K. A., Sigl, M., Nita, D. C., McConnell, J. R., and Adkins, J. F.: Stratospheric eruptions from tropical and extratropical volcanoes constrained using high-resolution sulfur isotopes in ice cores, Earth Planet. Sc. Lett., 521, 113-119, 2019.

Capron, E., Landais, A., Lemieux-Dudon, B., Schilt, A., MassonDelmotte, V., Buiron, D., Chappellaz, J., Dahl-Jensen, D., Johnsen, S., Leuenberger, M., Loulergue, L., and Oerter, H.: Synchronising EDML and NorthGRIP ice cores using 18O of atmospheric oxygen ( 18Oatm) and CH4 measurements over MIS5 (80-123 kyr), Quaternary Sci. Rev., 29, 222-234, 2010. [OpenAIRE]

Ceppi, P., Hwang, Y. T., Liu, X., Frierson, D. M. W., and Hartmann, D. L.: The relationship between the ITCZ and the Southern Hemispheric eddy-driven jet, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 118, 5136-5146, 2013.

98 references, page 1 of 7
Abstract
<p><span id="page1566"/>The last glacial period is characterized by a number of millennial climate events that have been identified in both Greenland and Antarctic ice cores and that are abrupt in Greenland climate records. The mechanisms governing this climate variability remain a puzzle that requires a precise synchronization of ice cores from the two hemispheres to be resolved. Previously, Greenland and Antarctic ice cores have been synchronized primarily via their common records of gas concentrations or isotopes from the trapped air and via cosmogenic isotopes measured on the ice. In this work, we apply ice core volcanic proxies and annual layer counting to ...
Subjects
free text keywords: [SDU.STU.GL]Sciences of the Universe [physics]/Earth Sciences/Glaciology, [SDU.STU.CL]Sciences of the Universe [physics]/Earth Sciences/Climatology, 530 Physics, Stratigraphy, Palaeontology, Global and Planetary Change
Funded by
SNSF| EURODIVERSITY 2005 FP083-MICROSYSTEMS: Microbial Diversity and Functionality in Cold Water Coral Reef Ecosystems
Project
  • Funder: Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF)
  • Project Code: 20ED21-114216
  • Funding stream: Project funding | Project funding (special)
,
EC| THERA
Project
THERA
Timing of Holocene volcanic eruptions and their radiative aerosol forcing
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 820047
  • Funding stream: H2020 | ERC | ERC-COG
,
EC| TiPES
Project
TiPES
Tipping Points in the Earth System
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 820970
  • Funding stream: H2020 | RIA
Validated by funder
,
NSF| Collaborative Research: Investigating Upper Pleistocene Rapid Climate Change using Continuous, Ultra-High-Resolution Aerosol and Gas Measurements in the WAIS Divide Ice Core
Project
  • Funder: National Science Foundation (NSF)
  • Project Code: 1142166
  • Funding stream: Directorate for Geosciences | Division of Polar Programs
,
NSF| Collaborative Research: Integrated High Resolution Chemical and Biological Measurements on the Deep WAIS Divide Core
Project
  • Funder: National Science Foundation (NSF)
  • Project Code: 0839093
  • Funding stream: Directorate for Geosciences | Division of Polar Programs
Communities
EuroMarine
European Marine Science
Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage
98 references, page 1 of 7

Abbott, P. M. and Davies, S. M.: Volcanism and the Greenland icecores: the tephra record, Earth-Sci. Rev., 115, 173-191, 2012.

Adolphi, F. and Muscheler, R.: Synchronizing the Greenland ice core and radiocarbon timescales over the Holocene - Bayesian wiggle-matching of cosmogenic radionuclide records, Clim. Past, 12, 15-30, https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-12-15-2016, 2016. [OpenAIRE]

Adolphi, F., Bronk Ramsey, C., Erhardt, T., Edwards, R. L., Cheng, H., Turney, C. S. M., Cooper, A., Svensson, A., Rasmussen, S. O., Fischer, H., and Muscheler, R.: Connecting the Greenland ice-core and U=Th timescales via cosmogenic radionuclides: testing the synchroneity of Dansgaard-Oeschger events, Clim. Past, 14, 1755-1781, https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-14-1755-2018, 2018. [OpenAIRE]

Andersen, K. K., Svensson, A., Rasmussen, S. O., Steffensen, J. P., Johnsen, S. J., Bigler, M., Röthlisberger, R., Ruth, U., SiggaardAndersen, M.-L., Dahl-Jensen, D., Vinther, B. M., and Clausen, H. B.: The Greenland Ice Core Chronology 2005, 15-42 ka. Part 1: constructing the time scale, Quaternary Sci. Rev., 25, 3246-3257, 2006.

Baldini, J. U. L., Brown, R. J., and Mawdsley, N.: Evaluating the link between the sulfur-rich Laacher See volcanic eruption and the Younger Dryas climate anomaly, Clim. Past, 14, 969-990, https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-14-969-2018, 2018.

Bender, M., Sowers, T., Dickson, M.-L., Orchardo, J., Grootes, P., Mayewski, P. A., and Meese, D. A.: Climate correlations between Greenland and Antarctica during the last 100 000 years, Nature, 372, 663-666, 1994.

Bigler, M.: Hochauflösende Spurenstoffmessungen an polaren Eisbohrkernen: Glazio-chemische und klimatische Prozessstudien, 2004, PhD dissertation, Physics Institute, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland, 2004.

Blunier, T., Chappellaz, J., Schwander, J., Dällenbach, A., Stauffer, B., Stocker, T. F., Raynaud, D., Jouzel, J., Clausen, H. B., Hammer, C. U., and Johnsen, S. J.: Asynchrony of Antarctic and Greenland climate change during the last glacial period, Nature, 394, 739-743, 1998. [OpenAIRE]

Blunier, T., Spahni, R., Barnola, J.-M., Chappellaz, J., Loulergue, L., and Schwander, J.: Synchronization of ice core records via atmospheric gases, Clim. Past, 3, 325-330, https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-3-325-2007, 2007. [OpenAIRE]

Bourne, A. J., Cook, E., Abbott, P. M., Seierstad, I. K., Steffensen, J. P., Svensson, A., Fischer, H., Schupbach, S., and Davies, S. M.: A tephra lattice for Greenland and a reconstruction of volcanic events spanning 25-45 ka b2k, Quaternary Sci. Rev., 118, 122- 141, 2015.

Bourne, A. J., Abbott, P. M., Albert, P. G., Cook, E., Pearce, N. J. G., Ponomareva, V., Svensson, A., and Davies, S. M.: Underestimated risks of recurrent long-range ash dispersal from northern Pacific Arc volcanoes, Sci. Rep., 6, 29837, https://doi.org/10.1038/srep29837, 2016.

Buizert, C., Sigl, M., Severi, M., Markle, B. R., Wettstein, J. J., McConnell, J. R., Pedro, J. B., Sodemann, H., Goto-Azuma, K., Kawamura, K., Fujita, S., Motoyama, H., Hirabayashi, M., Uemura, R., Stenni, B., Parrenin, F., He, F., Fudge, T. J., and Steig, E. J.: Abrupt ice-age shifts in southern westerly winds and Antarctic climate forced from the north, Nature, 563, 681-685, 2018. [OpenAIRE]

Burke, A., Moore, K. A., Sigl, M., Nita, D. C., McConnell, J. R., and Adkins, J. F.: Stratospheric eruptions from tropical and extratropical volcanoes constrained using high-resolution sulfur isotopes in ice cores, Earth Planet. Sc. Lett., 521, 113-119, 2019.

Capron, E., Landais, A., Lemieux-Dudon, B., Schilt, A., MassonDelmotte, V., Buiron, D., Chappellaz, J., Dahl-Jensen, D., Johnsen, S., Leuenberger, M., Loulergue, L., and Oerter, H.: Synchronising EDML and NorthGRIP ice cores using 18O of atmospheric oxygen ( 18Oatm) and CH4 measurements over MIS5 (80-123 kyr), Quaternary Sci. Rev., 29, 222-234, 2010. [OpenAIRE]

Ceppi, P., Hwang, Y. T., Liu, X., Frierson, D. M. W., and Hartmann, D. L.: The relationship between the ITCZ and the Southern Hemispheric eddy-driven jet, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 118, 5136-5146, 2013.

98 references, page 1 of 7
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