publication . Article . 2015

When Teachers Were Farmers: Teachers’ Allotted Farms and the Funding of Mass Schooling, 1838–1900

Johannes Westberg;
Open Access Danish
  • Published: 01 May 2015 Journal: Nordic Journal of Educational History, volume 2, issue 1, pages 23-48 (issn: 2001-7766, eissn: 2001-9076, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Umeå University
  • Country: Sweden
Abstract
<jats:p>What were teachers’ allotted farms, and what were they for? This study aims to answer these questions by examining these farms in nineteenth century Sweden, and their role in the expansion of the elementary school system in 1838–1900. Focusing on the allotted farms of the Sundsvall region, this article analyses how these farms provided teachers with fields and meadows, as well as outhouses such as cowsheds, bakehouses and cellars. This article argues that these farms made schooling more affordable for the school districts, primarily in the first two decades after the Elementary School Act of 1842. Allotted farms were often inexpensive to acquire and main...
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free text keywords: teachers, allotted farms, mass schooling, schools, school finance, teachers, allotted farms, mass schooling, schools, school finance, History, Historia, Educational Sciences, Utbildningsvetenskap, lcsh:History of education, lcsh:LA5-2396, Political science, Sociology of Education, Pedagogy, History of education
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