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Towards a Typology of Battlefield Miracles: The Case of Operation “Cast Lead” in the Israel Defense Forces

Authors: Elisheva Rosman;

Towards a Typology of Battlefield Miracles: The Case of Operation “Cast Lead” in the Israel Defense Forces

Abstract

Battlefield miracle stories are not rare. This paper suggests a typology of battlefield miracles. From this perspective it asks what sort of miracles can we expect to see in battle and when can we expect to see them? After presenting the main points of discussion regarding miracles, it proposes a range of categories for military miracles (miracles as acts that violate nature versus miracles as everyday acts

having a clear purpose versus acts where there is disagreement regarding interpretation). After discussing these categories, the articles uses Operation Cast Lead (December 2008–January 2009) as a case study to test the typology suggested above. Since this field is underdeveloped, this paper sets out to initiate a conversation on battlefield miracles, with hope that future studies will build upon it.

those involving the divine versus occurrences not requiring the presence of a heavenly emissary

acts of benevolence versus acts with no such intent

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Microsoft Academic Graph classification: Typology Battle History media_common.quotation_subject Conversation media_common Field (Bourdieu) Interpretation (philosophy) Perspective (graphical) Test (assessment) Epistemology Miracle

Library of Congress Subject Headings: lcsh:BL1-2790 lcsh:Religions. Mythology. Rationalism

Keywords

BL1-2790, Rachel the Matriarch, Religions. Mythology. Rationalism, miracles, Religious studies, battlefield, Israel Defense Forces, typology

93 references, page 1 of 10

Al-Azzam, Abdullah. n.d. Signs from Ar-Rahman in the Jihad of Afghanistan. Edited by Al-Mehari A.B. Birmingham: Maktabah. Available online: https://ia800502.us.archive.org/20/items/MiraclesOfJihadInAfghanistanAbdullahAzzam/Signs_of_ar-Rahman.pdf (accessed on 1 September 2016).

Almond, Gabriel. 1960. Introduction: A Functional Approach to Comparative Politics. In The Politics of Developing Areas. Edited by Almond Gabriel and Coleman James. Princeton: Princeton University Press, pp. 3-64.

Ammerman, Nancy T. 2014. Finding religion in everyday life. Sociology of Religion 75: 189-207. [CrossRef]

Arutz 7 News. 2009. I Asked who Are You. She Said: Mother Rachel. Arutz 7 News, May 24. Available online: http://www.inn.co.il/News/News.aspx/189655 (accessed on 1 March 2016).

Augustine, Saint. 1876. The Confessions. Edinburgh: Clark.

Bardon, Aurélia. 2016. Religious Arguments and Public Justification. In Religion, Secularism, and Constitutional Democracy. Edited by Jean L. Cohen and Cécile Laborde. Columbia: Columbia University Press, pp. 273-92.

Basinger, David. 2011. What is a miracle? In The Cambridge Companion to Miracles. Edited by Graham H. Twelftree. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 19-35.

31 Miracles can be a double-edged sword, so to speak, for religious authorities. Post-Talmudic Judaism, as put forward, prefers to leave religion within the rational sphere. In this manner, the expectation for divine deliverance in extreme situations is not expected and failure of the divine to interfere on behalf of the faithful cannot be seen as a sign of disfavor or God forsaking his people. Acknowledging miracles would open the door for doubt in cases when God neglected to intervene and miraculously save the faithful. In this context, the present study strengthens the insight that modern Israeli rabbis are willing to accept the interpretation of broad natural occurrences as miracles (the Six Day War, for example, in its entirety, as an event) but not events such as those reported here.

Baumgarten, Al. 1983. Miracles and Halakha in Rabbinic Judaism. Jewish Quarterly Review 73: 238-53. [CrossRef] [OpenAIRE]

Bee, Izzy. 2009. Apparition of Matriarch Rachel Protected IDF Soldiers inside Gaza, Top Rabbis Claim. Israelity Bites, January 27. Available online: http://israelitybites.blogspot.co.il/2009/01/apparition-of-matriarchrachel.html (accessed on 1 February 2016).

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citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Impulse provided by BIP!
2
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