publication . Article . 2018

“Holiness, War, and Peace”: Ancient Jewish Traditions Concerning the Landscape and Ecology of Jerusalem and Its Environs in the Second Temple Period

Abraham Ofir Shemesh;
Open Access English
  • Published: 09 Aug 2018 Journal: Religions (issn: 2077-1444, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
s zenith, the Jewish sages introduced special ecological regulations pertaining to its overall urban landscape. One of them was a prohibition against growing plants within the city in order to prevent undesirable odors or litter and thus maintain the city&rsquo
s respectable image. The prohibition against growing plants within the city did not apply to rose gardens, maybe because of ecological reasons, i.e., their contribution to aesthetics and to improving bad odors in a crowded city. In the city&rsquo
) around the city of Jerusalem. Haggadic-Talmudic tradition tries to endow Jerusalem with a metaphysical uniqueness by describing fantastic plants that allegedly grew in it in the past but disappeared as a result of its destruction.
s status is its flora and ecology. The current study aims to address the historical events and the Talmudic traditions concerning the flora and landscape of Jerusalem. In the city&rsquo
The Second Temple period is considered both a pinnacle and a low point in the history of Jerusalem. One manifestation of the sharp fluctuations in Jerusalem&rsquo
s decline, its agricultural crops and natural vegetation were destroyed when the beleaguered inhabitants were defeated by Titus&rsquo
army. One Talmudic tradition voices hope for the rehabilitation of the flora (&ldquo
Persistent Identifiers
Fields of Science and Technology classification (FOS)
01 natural sciences, 0105 earth and related environmental sciences, 010506 paleontology, 06 humanities and the arts, 0601 history and archaeology, 060102 archaeology
Sustainable Development Goals (SDG)
11. Sustainability
free text keywords: Second Temple period, Jerusalem’s sanctity, Flavius Josephus, ancient landscapes, ecology of holiness, religious regulations, the Great Revolt, rose gardens, Jerusalem’s flora, geography of sacred cities, Religious studies, lcsh:Religions. Mythology. Rationalism, lcsh:BL1-2790, Josephus, Flora, Agricultural crops, Metaphysics, Order (virtue), Second Temple period, Judaism, History, Ecology, Ecology (disciplines)
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  • Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage
  • Social Science and Humanities
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