publication . Article . Other literature type . 2021

Cistercian monasteries in medieval Sweden—foundations and recruitments, 1143–1420

Andersson, Catharina;
Open Access English
  • Published: 28 Jul 2021
  • Publisher: Umeå universitet, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier
  • Country: Sweden
Abstract
This article presents an overview of the Cistercian monasteries that were founded in Sweden in the 12th and 13th centuries. The first were Alvastra and Nydala, founded in 1143, both male monasteries. However, eventually the nunneries came to outnumber the male monasteries (7/5). The purpose of the article is also to discuss the social background of the monks and nuns who inhabited these monasteries. As for the nuns, previous studies have shown that they initially came from the society’s elite, the royal families, but also other magnates. Gradually, social recruitment broadened, and an increasing number of women from the aristocratic lower levels came to dominate...
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free text keywords: Aristocracy, Charters, Cistercians, Diplomas, Donations, Gender, Gifts, Masculinity, Medieval Sweden, Monasteries, Monasticism, Monks, Nunneries, Nuns, History, Historia, monasticism, aristocracy, medieval Sweden, monasteries, nunneries, nuns, Religions. Mythology. Rationalism, BL1-2790, monks, Cistercians, donations, gifts, diplomas, charters, gender, masculinity, Religious studies
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