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Publication . Article . 2019

Kālavañcana in the Konkan:How a Vajrayāna Haṭhayoga TraditionCheated Buddhism’s Death in India

James Mallinson;
Open Access
Published: 16 Apr 2019 Journal: Religions, volume 10, issue 4, page 273 (eissn: 2077-1444, Copyright policy )
In recent decades the relationship between tantric traditions of Buddhism and Śaivism has been the subject of sustained scholarly enquiry. This article looks at a specific aspect of this relationship, that between Buddhist and Śaiva traditions of practitioners of physical yoga, which came to be categorised in Sanskrit texts as haṭhayoga. Taking as its starting point the recent identification as Buddhist of the c.11th-century Amṛtasiddhi, which is the earliest text to teach any of the methods of haṭhayoga and whose teachings are found in many subsequent non-Buddhist works, the article draws on a range of textual and material sources to identify the Konkan site of Kadri as a key location for the transition from Buddhist to Nāth Śaiva haṭhayoga traditions, and proposes that this transition may provide a model for how Buddhist teachings survived elsewhere in India after Buddhism’s demise there as a formal religion.
Subjects by Vocabulary

Library of Congress Subject Headings: lcsh:Religions. Mythology. Rationalism lcsh:BL1-2790

Microsoft Academic Graph classification: Buddhism Hinduism Literature business.industry business Sanskrit language.human_language language Tantra Subject (philosophy) History Demise Transition (fiction)


Śaivism, Buddhism, Hinduism, Tantra, Yoga, India, Religious studies

Related Organizations
Funded by
The Hatha Yoga Project: Mapping Indian and Transnational Traditions of Physical Yoga through Philology and Ethnography
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 647963
  • Funding stream: H2020 | ERC | ERC-COG
Validated by funder
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Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage
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Article . 2019
Providers: DOAJ-Articles