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Publication . Article . 2021

Monte Carlo Simulations of ED-XRF Spectra as an Authentication Tool for Nuragic Bronzes

Carlo Nocco; Antonio Brunetti; Sergio Augusto Barcellos Lins;
Open Access
English
Published: 19 Aug 2021 Journal: Heritage (issn: 2571-9408, Copyright policy )
Publisher: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Country: Italy
Abstract
The high artistic and cultural relevance of particular objects, in this case from the Nuragic civilization, have stimulated the growth of a forgery industry, replicating small bronze boats (navicelle), statues (bronzetti), and other objects. It is often the case where the forgeries are of such quality that it becomes difficult to distinguish them from authentic artifacts without a proper chemical analysis. In this research, a Monte Carlo simulation algorithm for X-ray interactions with matter is used to obtain the chemical composition from the bulk of each object from a set of five. The method employed has the advantage of being completely nondestructive and relatively fast. The objects’ chemical composition and morphology were compared with the data available from authentic artifacts so their authenticity could be inferred. Four of the five objects are likely to be authentic, where two of them could be associated with a Sardinian origin.
Subjects by Vocabulary

Microsoft Academic Graph classification: Set (abstract data type) Pattern recognition Computer science Artificial intelligence business.industry business Object (philosophy) Monte Carlo method Authentication (law) Bronze engineering.material engineering Spectral line

Subjects

X-ray fluorescence, Monte Carlo simulations, nuragic, bronzes, authentication, nuragic; bronzes, Materials Science (miscellaneous), Archeology, Conservation, Archaeology, CC1-960, X-ray fluorescence; Monte Carlo simulations; nuragic; bronzes; authentication

Related Organizations
Funded by
EC| ED-ARCHMAT
Project
ED-ARCHMAT
European Doctorate in ARchaeological and Cultural Heritage MATerials science
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 766311
  • Funding stream: H2020 | MSCA-ITN-EJD
Related to Research communities
Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage
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