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Publication . Article . 2022

The Late Roman and Early Byzantine Solidi of Scania & the Lund University History Museum

Svante Fischer;
Open Access
Published: 22 Jun 2022 Journal: The Journal of Archaeology and Ancient History (eissn: 2001-1199, Copyright policy )
Publisher: Uppsala University
Country: Sweden

This paper is a study of the Late Roman and Early Byzantine solidi from the province of Scania in southern Sweden and the solidi kept in the coin cabinet of the Lund University History Museum. The catalogue lists 34 solidi and classifies the recorded issues according to modern numismatic standards using the current DOC, MIBE and RIC typologies. It is argued that most of the preserved coins from Scania are probably of different types than those originally imported during the solidus influx to Scandinavia. It is more probable than not that the vast majority of solidi imported to Scania in the fifth century came as war booty with returning veterans. As Scania may have had a more hierarchical structure than other parts of Scandinavia, it seems likely that most solidi were recast as ring gold or jewelry in an effort to concentrate wealth and power to inland central places. The few solidi that remain are mainly found along the shorelines of Scania, many of which are looped and have been worn as pendants. As symbolic manifestations of political alliances, these solidi have served a different function than most solidi preserved elsewhere in Scandinavia, notably on neighboring Bornholm, and Öland. 


Late Roman Empire, Roman solidus, Scandinavian Migration Period, Scania, Scandinavian archaeology, central places, 19th century antiquarianism, Lund University History Museum, Late Roman and Early Byzantine numismatics., Archaeology, Arkeologi

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