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Publication . Article . 2021

Representing narratives in digital libraries: The narrative ontology

Carlo Meghini; Valentina Bartalesi; Daniele Metilli;
Open Access
Published: 25 Nov 2021 Journal: Semantic Web, volume 12, pages 241-264 (issn: 1570-0844, eissn: 2210-4968, Copyright policy )
Publisher: IOS Press
Country: Italy
Abstract

Digital Libraries (DLs), especially in the Cultural Heritage domain, are rich in narratives. Every digital object in a DL tells some kind of story, regardless of the medium, the genre, or the type of the object. However, DLs do not offer services about narratives, for example it is not possible to discover a narrative, to create one, or to compare two narratives. Certainly, DLs offer discovery functionalities over their contents, but these services merely address the objects that carry the narratives (e.g. books, images, audiovisual objects), without regard for the narratives themselves. The present work aims at introducing narratives as first-class citizens in DLs, by providing a formal expression of what a narrative is. In particular, this paper presents a conceptualisation of the domain of narratives, and its specification through the Narrative Ontology (NOnt for short), expressed in first-order logic. NOnt has been implemented as an extension of three standard vocabularies, i.e. the CIDOC CRM, FRBRoo, and OWL Time, and using the SWRL rule language to express the axioms. On the basis of NOnt, we have developed the Narrative Building and Visualising (NBVT) tool, and applied it in four case studies to validate the ontology. NOnt is also being validated in the context of the Mingei European project, in which it is applied to the representation of knowledge about Craft Heritage.

Preprint

Subjects by Vocabulary

Microsoft Academic Graph classification: Digital library Narrative Ontology (information science) Computer science Linguistics

Subjects

Computer Networks and Communications, Computer Science Applications, Information Systems, Narrative, Digital libraries, Semantic Web, Ontology, Cultural heritage, Craft heritage, Narrative, Digital libraries, Semantic Web, Ontology, Cultural heritage, Craft heritage, Narrative, Digital libraries, Semantic Web, Ontology, Cultural heritage, Craft heritage

Funded by
EC| Mingei
Project
Mingei
Representation and Preservation of Heritage Crafts
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 822336
  • Funding stream: H2020 | IA
,
EC| Mingei
Project
Mingei
Representation and Preservation of Heritage Crafts
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 822336
  • Funding stream: H2020 | IA
Related to Research communities
Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage
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