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ADAM AKADEMİ Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi
Article . 2022 . Peer-reviewed
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Candles for Administraiton: Administration Approach in the Light of the Siyasatnamas

Authors: ÖNDER, Saliha Gizem;

Candles for Administraiton: Administration Approach in the Light of the Siyasatnamas

Abstract

Siyasatnamas provide rich literature to corresponds to research area of studies about the administrative history. The works generally deal with the administration, the characteristics of the ruler and the relationship between the ruler and the ruled, and reveal an administration approach according to the qualifications of the authors and the conditions of their periods and geographies. Studies about siyasatnamas are generally carried out by theologians and historians, focusing on works written during the Ottoman period. The framework of administrative history studies mostly consists of discussions on organizational structuring. This study, on the other hand, focuses on the works written before the Ottoman Empire in contrast to the Ottoman siyasatnamas and administrative organization-oriented discussions that are common in the literature and tries to construct a administrative thought from them. It examines 25 politics written in the geography stretching from Andalusia to Transoxiana between the 10th and 14th centuries. It makes classifications by considering similar and different elements through the content analysis of the siyasatnamas. It classifies the works in a triple way within the framework of theoretical-practical distinction and places it in the relevant group among the groups named as “hikmet”, “fakahet”, “kudret”. It suggests the term “candles for administration” instead of “mirrors for princes” which is used to express siyasatnamas in the literature.

Siyasetnameler yönetim tarihi çalışmalarının araştırma evrenine karşılık gelecek nitelikte zengin bir literatür sunmaktadır. Eserler genel olarak idareyi, yöneticinin özelliklerini ve yönetici ile yönetilen arasındaki ilişkiyi ele almakta, yazarlarının niteliklerine, dönemlerinin ve coğrafyalarının koşullarına göre bir yönetim anlayışı ortaya koymaktadır. Siyasetnamelerle ilgili çalışmalar genellikle ilahiyatçılar ve tarihçiler tarafından Osmanlı döneminde yazılan eserlere odaklanılarak yürütülmektedir. Yönetim tarihi çalışmalarının çerçevesini daha çok örgütsel yapılanma tartışmaları oluşturmaktadır. Bu çalışma ise literatürde yaygın olan Osmanlı siyasetnameleri ve idari teşkilatlanma odaklı tartışmaların aksine Osmanlı Devleti döneminden önce yazılmış eserlere odaklanmakta ve yönetim düşüncesine katkı sağlayan yönleri ön plana çıkarmaya çalışmaktadır. 10-14. yüzyıllar arasında Endülüs’ten Maveraünnehir’e uzanan coğrafyada yazılan yirmi beş siyasetnameyi incelemektedir. Siyasetnamelerin içerik analizleri üzerinden benzer ve farklı unsurları dikkate alarak sınıflandırmalar yapmaktadır. Eserleri temelde teorik-pratik ayrım çerçevesinde üçlü bir tasnife tabi tutmakta ve “hikmet”, “fakahet”, “kudret” şeklinde isimlendirdiği gruplardan ilgili olana yerleştirmektedir. Ayrıca çalışma literatürde siyasetnamelere karşılık kullanılan “hükümdar aynaları” tanımlamasının yerine “idare kandilleri” ifadesini önermektedir.

Keywords

Cultural Studies, History, Social, Literature and Literary Theory, Siyasatnama;candles for administration;administrative thought;administrative history, Siyasetname;idare kandilleri;yönetim düşüncesi;yönetim tarihi., Sosyal

30 references, page 1 of 3

Adalıoğlu, H. H. (2004). Siyasetnamelerin Klasik Kaynakları. Osmangazi Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi 5(2), 1-22.

Adalıoğlu, H. H. (2009). Siyasetname. Türkiye Diyanet Vakfı İslam Ansiklopedisi 37, 304-306.

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    This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    1
    popularity
    This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
    Average
    influence
    This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
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    impulse
    This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
    Average
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citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Impulse provided by BIP!
1
Average
Average
Average
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