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Publication . Conference object . Article . 2022

Multiple greenhouse gases mitigation (MGM) : Process concepts to co-remove non-CO2 (CH4) greenhouse gases and CO2 from air

Devesh Sathya Sri Sairam Sirigina; Aditya Goel; Shareq Mohd Nazir;
Open Access
Published: 01 Jan 2022
Publisher: KTH, Energiprocesser
Country: Sweden

The agricultural sector is the main contributor for the warming from non-CO2 gases, especially methane and nitrous oxide. Existing measures to mitigate these emissions can only reduce but not eliminate these emissions. Owing to the diffused nature of these emissions, it is hard to design a single point measure to address the emissions from the agricultural sector. In our work, we present the first-of-a-kind direct air capture-based process to mitigate these diverse emissions. The process is designed based on thermal catalytic route for the methane conversion, which is coupled to a direct air capture unit for CO2 capture. The process was modelled based on steady state assumptions to estimate the energy requirement per tonne of CO2 equivalent mitigated. Energy estimations were later compared for the two methane removal systems with and without CO2 capture unit. The energy demand per tonne CO2-equivalent removed from the system without CO2 capture unit (only CH4 removal) was found to be 16.54 GJ. For the methane removal system with CO2 capture unit (co-removal of CO2 and CH4), the energy demand is 15.42 GJ per tonne-CO2 equivalent. QC 20230120


Chemical Process Engineering, Kemiska processer, Energy Engineering, Energiteknik, Energy Systems, Energisystem, Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering, Polymers and Plastics, History, Business and International Management

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Conference object . 2022