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Energy
Article . 2022 . Peer-reviewed
License: Elsevier TDM
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Article . 2021 . Peer-reviewed
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Modelling of a Continuous Veneer Drying Unit of Industrial Scale and Model-Based Anova of the Energy Efficiency

Authors: Dmitry Vladimirovich Gradov; Oluwatoki Yusuf; Jussi Ohjainen; Jarkko Suuronen; Roope Eskola; Lassi Roininen; Tuomas Koiranen;

Modelling of a Continuous Veneer Drying Unit of Industrial Scale and Model-Based Anova of the Energy Efficiency

Abstract

Drying, a crucial step in process engineering aimed at producing optimal product moisture content, has evolved over time from batch processing methods to continuous processing alternatives. Continuous drying methods offer uniform moisture content of the product at lower operational cost. In this study, a continuous veneer drying model was developed based on mass and energy balances. The simulated veneer dryer is a semiautomatic machine designed to maximise the drying process efficiency via control mechanisms such as the veneer transport rate, fan speed, opening angle of the inlet and outlet dampers, and radiator temperature. In the dryer, veneer plates are conveyed horizontally through the number of connected chambers where hot air is blown transversely. The optimal drying process is dynamically maintained via the Proportional–integral–derivative controllers, manipulating the rate of the damper lids opening, that are connected to the sensors monitoring the air properties in the chambers of the drying unit. The model-based sensitivity analysis ANOVA was carried out for energy optimisation purposes. The analysis outcomes indicated that radiator temperature, initial moisture content of veneer sheets and conveyor speed are the most influential parameters affecting the drying rate. Automatic control of damper lids provides optimal temperature and moisture content of drying environment at lower energy costs. Post-print / Final draft

Country
Finland
Subjects by Vocabulary

Microsoft Academic Graph classification: Automatic control medicine.medical_treatment Damper law.invention law medicine Sensitivity (control systems) Process engineering Water content business.industry Batch processing Environmental science Veneer business Radiator Efficient energy use

Keywords

History, Polymers and Plastics, Heat and mass transfer, Energy analysis, Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering, Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Business and International Management, Process and automation modelling, Civil and Structural Engineering, ANOVA, Mechanical Engineering, Process optimisation, Building and Construction, Pollution, Continuous veneer dryer, General Energy

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    citations
    This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    3
    popularity
    This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
    Top 10%
    influence
    This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    Average
    impulse
    This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
    Average
  • citations
    This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    3
    popularity
    This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
    Top 10%
    influence
    This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    Average
    impulse
    This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
    Average
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citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Impulse provided by BIP!
3
Top 10%
Average
Average
bronze
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