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Technological variability in the Late Palaeolithic lithic industries of the Egyptian Nile Valley: The case of the Silsilian and Afian industries

Authors: Leplongeon, Alice;

Technological variability in the Late Palaeolithic lithic industries of the Egyptian Nile Valley: The case of the Silsilian and Afian industries

Abstract

During the Nubia Salvage Campaign and the subsequent expeditions from the 1960's to the 1980's, numerous sites attributed to the Late Palaeolithic (~25-15 ka) were found in the Nile Valley, particularly in Nubia and Upper Egypt. This region is one of the few to have allowed human occupations during the dry Marine Isotope Stage 2 and is therefore key to understanding how human populations adapted to environmental changes at this time. This paper focuses on two sites located in Upper Egypt, excavated by the Combined Prehistoric Expedition: E71K18, attributed to the Afian industry and E71K20, attributed to the Silsilian industry. It aims to review the geomorphological and chronological evidence of the sites, present a technological analysis of the lithic assemblages in order to provide data that can be used in detailed comparative studies, which will allow discussion of technological variability in the Late Palaeolithic of the Nile Valley and its place within the regional context. The lithic analysis relies on the chaîne opératoire concept combined with an attribute analysis to allow quantification. This study (1) casts doubts on the chronology of E71K18 and related Afian industry, which could be older or younger than previously suggested, highlights (2) distinct technological characteristics for the Afian and the Silsilian, as well as (3) similar technological characteristics which allow to group them under a same broad techno-cultural complex, distinct from those north or south of the area. ispartof: PLOS ONE vol:12 issue:12 ispartof: location:United States status: published

Countries
France, Belgium
Subjects by Vocabulary

Library of Congress Subject Headings: lcsh:Medicine lcsh:Science lcsh:R lcsh:Q

Keywords

Technology, Social Sciences, Marine and Aquatic Sciences, Geographical Locations, Pleistocene Epoch, Quaternary Period, HUMANS, Geology, Radioactive Carbon Dating, Multidisciplinary Sciences, Archaeology, PALEOENVIRONMENTS, Science & Technology - Other Topics, OCCUPATION, Egypt, Physical Anthropology, Research Article, Freshwater Environments, Asia, [SHS.ARCHEO]Humanities and Social Sciences/Archaeology and Prehistory, Antiquities, Prehistoric, PLEISTOCENE, Research and Analysis Methods, HIGHLANDS, Paleoanthropology, Stone implements, EAST-AFRICA, Humans, Industry, LAKE VICTORIA, Chemical Characterization, Isotope Analysis, STONE-AGE, Science & Technology, Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Biology and Life Sciences, Paleontology, Aquatic Environments, Geologic Time, Geomorphology, Bodies of Water, Lithic Technology, Lakes, Anthropology, Archaeological Dating, People and Places, Africa, Earth Sciences, Cenozoic Era

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    Average
  • citations
    This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    1
    popularity
    This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
    Average
    influence
    This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    Average
    impulse
    This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
    Average
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citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Impulse provided by BIP!
1
Average
Average
Average
Green
gold
Funded by
ANR| Big Dry
Project
Big Dry
The Big Dry. Rupture and continuity in the late Pleistocene settlement of Africa: Paleoanthropology, archaeology and palaeoenvironment compared between the Rift and Nile Valleys within their continental context
  • Funder: French National Research Agency (ANR) (ANR)
  • Project Code: ANR-14-CE31-0023
,
EC| PleisTechnoVar
Project
PleisTechnoVar
Technological Variability during the Late Pleistocene in Eastern Africa: lithic assemblages as indirect witnesses of past human population dynamics
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 655459
  • Funding stream: H2020 | MSCA-IF-EF-ST
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