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História da Historiografia
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Aristóteles e a História dos animais

a questão do antropocentrismo entre zoologia e ética
Authors: Biazotto, Thiago do Amaral;

Aristóteles e a História dos animais

Abstract

Resumo Este artigo investiga a relação entre animais humanos e não-humanos no pensamento de Aristóteles, tomando como fonte principal seus tratados de zoologia e, dentre eles, a História dos animais. O objetivo central é discutir em que medida é possível identificar traços incontornáveis de antropocentrismo em Aristóteles, e, em caso positivo, em quais termos esse antropocentrismo é expresso. A partir da leitura de passagens diversas, e da análise filológica de determinados verbos empregados pelo filósofo, argumento que o dado antropocêntrico dos escritos de Aristóteles, embora presente, pode ser nuançado, em especial quando algumas espécies - como a esponja do mar - são abordadas pelo estagirita. Assim, concluo que a retórica antropocêntrica de Aristóteles aparece com mais frequência quando os animais são abordados em conjunto do que como espécies isoladas. Abstract This article investigates the relationship between human and non-human animals in Aristotle’s thought, taking as main source his treatises on zoology and, among them, the History of animals. The major aim is to discuss in what extent it is possible to identify unavoidable traces of anthropocentrism in Aristotle, and, if so, in what terms this anthropocentrism is expressed. From the reading of different passages, and a philological analysis of certain verbs used by the philosopher, I argue that the anthropocentric aspect of Aristotle’s writings, although existing, can be nuanced, especially when some species - such as the sponge - are discussed by Aristotle. Thus, I conclude that Aristotle’s anthropocentric rhetoric appears more often when animals are analyzed together than as isolated species.

Keywords

History, Aristotle, History of animals, Aristóteles, Anthropocentrism, História dos animais, Antropocentrismo

32 references, page 1 of 4

BIGWOOD, Joan M. Aristotle and the Elephant Again. The American Journal of Philology, Baltimore, v. 114, n. 4, p. 537-555, 1993. Disponível em: https://bit.ly/3ABy7a3. Acesso em: 04 fev. 2022.

KULLMANN, Wolfgang. Aristotle as a natural scientist. Acta Classica, Cidade do Cabo, v. 34, p. 137-150, 1991. Disponível em: https://bit.ly/3R0zWTe. Acesso em: 04 fev. 2022.

42, p. 64-67, 1948. Disponível em: https://www.jstor.org/stable/636566. Acesso em: 04 fev. 2022.

LEFEBVRE, René. Aristote: zoologie et éthique. Archai, Brasília, n.11, p. 101-110, 2013. Disponível em: https://bit.ly/3pwz2lM.

Acesso em: 04 fev. 2022.

LENNOX, James G. Form, Essence, and Explanation in Aristotle's Biology. In: ANAGNOSTOPOULOS, Georgios (ed.). A Companion to Aristotle. Hoboken: Blackwell, 2009. p. 348-367.

LENNOX, James G. Aristotle's Biology and Aristotle's Philosophy. In: GILL, Mary Louise; PELLEGRIN, Pierre (ed.). A Companion to Ancient Philosophy. Hoboken: Blackwell, 2006. p. 292-315.

LI CAUSI, Pietro. Corpi, spazi, luoghi, animali. La zoologia dei grecidall'animale come spazio visivo localizzato alle funzioni dell'anima. Athenaeum: Studi di Letteratura e Storia dell'Antichità, Londres, v. 46, n. 1, p. 5-75, 2008.

LIDDELL, Henry; SCOTT, Robert. A Greek-English lexicon. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996.

LOUIS, Pierre. Les animaux fabuleux chez Aristote. Revue des Études Grecques, Paris, v. 80, n. 379-383, p. 242-246, 1967.

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citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
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