publication . Article . 2014

Early Back-to-Africa Migration into the Horn of Africa

Jason A. Hodgson; Connie J. Mulligan; Ali Al-Meeri; Ryan L. Raaum;
Open Access English
  • Published: 12 Jun 2014 Journal: PLoS Genetics, volume 10, issue 6 (issn: 1553-7390, eissn: 1553-7404, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Public Library of Science
  • Country: United Kingdom
Abstract
Author Summary The Horn of Africa (HOA) occupies a central place in our understanding of modern human origins. This region is the location of the earliest known modern human fossils, a possible source for the out-of-Africa migration, and one of the most genetically and linguistically diverse regions of the world. Numerous genetic studies over the last decades have identified substantial non-African ancestry in populations in this region. Because there is archaeological, historical, and linguistic evidence for contact with non-African populations beginning about 3,000 years ago, it has often been assumed that the non-African ancestry in HOA populations dates to t...
Persistent Identifiers
Subjects
free text keywords: Research Article, Biology and Life Sciences, Evolutionary Biology, Organismal Evolution, Human Evolution, Population Genetics, Gene Flow, Physical Anthropology, Social Sciences, Anthropology, Genetics(clinical), Genetics, Cancer Research, Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics, Molecular Biology, lcsh:Genetics, lcsh:QH426-470, Allele, Ethnic group, Y chromosome, Biology, Evolutionary biology, Genetics, Lactase persistence, Population, education.field_of_study, education, Population genetics, Gene flow, Human migration, business.industry, business
Funded by
NSF| Human Dispersals Out of Africa: Mitochondrial and Y chromosomal Genetic Analysis of Eritrean and Omani Populations
Project
  • Funder: National Science Foundation (NSF)
  • Project Code: 0518530
  • Funding stream: Directorate for Social, Behavioral & Economic Sciences | Division of Behavioral and Cognitive Sciences
Communities
Agricultural and Food Sciences
Social Science and Humanities
Rural Digital Europe
Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage
129 references, page 1 of 9

1 Howells WW (1976) Explaining modern man: Evolutionists Versus Migrationists. J Hum Evol 5: 477–495 10.1016/0047-2484(76)90088-9 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

2 Stringer CB, Andrews P (1988) Genetic and fossil evidence for the origin of modern humans. Science 239: 1263–1268 10.1126/science.3125610 3125610 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

3 Rosenberg NA, Pritchard JK, Weber JL, Cann HM, Kidd KK, et al (2002) Genetic structure of human populations. Science 298: 2381–2385 10.1126/science.1078311 12493913 [PubMed] [DOI]

4 Mitchell P (2005) African Connections: Archaeological Perspectives on Africa and the Wider World. Walnut Creek, CA: AltaMira Press.

5 Templeton AR (2005) Haplotype trees and modern human origins. Yrbk Phys Anthropol 48: 33–59 10.1002/ajpa.20351 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

6 Templeton AR (2007) Population biology and population genetics of Pleistocene Hominins. In: Henke W, Tattersall I, editors. Handbook of Paleoanthropology. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, Vol. 3. pp. 1825–1859.

7 Templeton AR (2013) Biological races in humans. Stud Hist Phil Biol Biomed Sci 44: 262–271 10.1016/j.shpsc.2013.04.010 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

8 Diamond J, Bellwood P (2003) Farmers and their languages: the first expansions. Science 300: 597–603 10.1126/science.1078208 12714734 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

9 Bellwood P, Oxenham M (2008) The Expansions of Farming Societies and the Role of the Neolithic Demographic Transition. In: Bocquet-Appel J-P, Bar-Yosef O, editors. The Neolithic Demographic Transition and its Consequences. New York: Springer. pp. 13–34.

10 Price TD, Bar-Yosef O (2011) The Origins of Agriculture: New Data, New Ideas. Curr Anthropol 52: S163–S174 10.1086/659964 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

11 Levine DM (2000) Greater Ethiopia: The Evolution of a Multiethnic Society. Second Edition. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

12 Cavalli-Sforza LLL, Menozzi P, Piazza A (1994) History And Geography Of Human Genes. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

13 Passarino G, Semino O, Quintana-Murci L, Excoffier L, Hammer MF, et al (1998) Different genetic components in the Ethiopian population, identified by mtDNA and Y-chromosome polymorphisms. Am J Hum Genet 62: 420–434 10.1086/301702 9463310 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

14 Ehret C (2002) The Civilizations of Africa: A History to 1800. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press.

15 Non AL, Al-Meeri A, Raaum RL, Sanchez LF, Mulligan CJ (2011) Mitochondrial DNA reveals distinct evolutionary histories for Jewish populations in Yemen and Ethiopia. Am J Phys Anthropol 144: 1–10 10.1002/ajpa.21360 20623605 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

129 references, page 1 of 9
Abstract
Author Summary The Horn of Africa (HOA) occupies a central place in our understanding of modern human origins. This region is the location of the earliest known modern human fossils, a possible source for the out-of-Africa migration, and one of the most genetically and linguistically diverse regions of the world. Numerous genetic studies over the last decades have identified substantial non-African ancestry in populations in this region. Because there is archaeological, historical, and linguistic evidence for contact with non-African populations beginning about 3,000 years ago, it has often been assumed that the non-African ancestry in HOA populations dates to t...
Persistent Identifiers
Subjects
free text keywords: Research Article, Biology and Life Sciences, Evolutionary Biology, Organismal Evolution, Human Evolution, Population Genetics, Gene Flow, Physical Anthropology, Social Sciences, Anthropology, Genetics(clinical), Genetics, Cancer Research, Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics, Molecular Biology, lcsh:Genetics, lcsh:QH426-470, Allele, Ethnic group, Y chromosome, Biology, Evolutionary biology, Genetics, Lactase persistence, Population, education.field_of_study, education, Population genetics, Gene flow, Human migration, business.industry, business
Funded by
NSF| Human Dispersals Out of Africa: Mitochondrial and Y chromosomal Genetic Analysis of Eritrean and Omani Populations
Project
  • Funder: National Science Foundation (NSF)
  • Project Code: 0518530
  • Funding stream: Directorate for Social, Behavioral & Economic Sciences | Division of Behavioral and Cognitive Sciences
Communities
Agricultural and Food Sciences
Social Science and Humanities
Rural Digital Europe
Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage
129 references, page 1 of 9

1 Howells WW (1976) Explaining modern man: Evolutionists Versus Migrationists. J Hum Evol 5: 477–495 10.1016/0047-2484(76)90088-9 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

2 Stringer CB, Andrews P (1988) Genetic and fossil evidence for the origin of modern humans. Science 239: 1263–1268 10.1126/science.3125610 3125610 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

3 Rosenberg NA, Pritchard JK, Weber JL, Cann HM, Kidd KK, et al (2002) Genetic structure of human populations. Science 298: 2381–2385 10.1126/science.1078311 12493913 [PubMed] [DOI]

4 Mitchell P (2005) African Connections: Archaeological Perspectives on Africa and the Wider World. Walnut Creek, CA: AltaMira Press.

5 Templeton AR (2005) Haplotype trees and modern human origins. Yrbk Phys Anthropol 48: 33–59 10.1002/ajpa.20351 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

6 Templeton AR (2007) Population biology and population genetics of Pleistocene Hominins. In: Henke W, Tattersall I, editors. Handbook of Paleoanthropology. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, Vol. 3. pp. 1825–1859.

7 Templeton AR (2013) Biological races in humans. Stud Hist Phil Biol Biomed Sci 44: 262–271 10.1016/j.shpsc.2013.04.010 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

8 Diamond J, Bellwood P (2003) Farmers and their languages: the first expansions. Science 300: 597–603 10.1126/science.1078208 12714734 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

9 Bellwood P, Oxenham M (2008) The Expansions of Farming Societies and the Role of the Neolithic Demographic Transition. In: Bocquet-Appel J-P, Bar-Yosef O, editors. The Neolithic Demographic Transition and its Consequences. New York: Springer. pp. 13–34.

10 Price TD, Bar-Yosef O (2011) The Origins of Agriculture: New Data, New Ideas. Curr Anthropol 52: S163–S174 10.1086/659964 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

11 Levine DM (2000) Greater Ethiopia: The Evolution of a Multiethnic Society. Second Edition. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

12 Cavalli-Sforza LLL, Menozzi P, Piazza A (1994) History And Geography Of Human Genes. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

13 Passarino G, Semino O, Quintana-Murci L, Excoffier L, Hammer MF, et al (1998) Different genetic components in the Ethiopian population, identified by mtDNA and Y-chromosome polymorphisms. Am J Hum Genet 62: 420–434 10.1086/301702 9463310 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

14 Ehret C (2002) The Civilizations of Africa: A History to 1800. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press.

15 Non AL, Al-Meeri A, Raaum RL, Sanchez LF, Mulligan CJ (2011) Mitochondrial DNA reveals distinct evolutionary histories for Jewish populations in Yemen and Ethiopia. Am J Phys Anthropol 144: 1–10 10.1002/ajpa.21360 20623605 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

129 references, page 1 of 9
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