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Historia. Instituciones. Documentos
Article . 2016 . Peer-reviewed
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Cristianos nuevos portugueses en Écija: integración y dificultades (finales siglo XVI- comienzos siglo XVII)

Authors: Cañas Pelayo; Marcos Rafael;

Cristianos nuevos portugueses en Écija: integración y dificultades (finales siglo XVI- comienzos siglo XVII)

Abstract

espanolDurante el ano de 1597, la ciudad de Cordoba celebro un Auto de Fe con una gran presencia de reos portugueses. Si bien hubo condenados aislados y sin conexiones con el resto de procesados, encontramos varios casos de familias lusitanas (por ejemplo, el linaje de los Andrada) poseedoras de fuertes vinculos de parentesco y economicos dentro de los condenados por el Tribunal Inquisitorial. Grupos que adquirieron propiedades, cargos municipales preeminentes (como jurados o escribanos publicos) y riqueza que les convirtieron en integrantes del poder local. Sus estrategias matrimoniales combinaron una endogamia consanguinea, que reforzaba sus vinculos de parentesco, con uniones conyugales destinadas a enlazar con familias astigitanas, protagonizando un gradual proceso de asimilacion y un destacado ascenso social. El significativo numero de cristianos nuevos que encontramos en esta comunidad nos revela una llegada a Castilla anterior a la que tradicionalmente se habia pensado, junto a una integracion que se ve afectada, bajo el problema religioso, por conflictos de tipo etnico y social. EnglishDuring 1597, an “Auto de Fe” [Public penance of heretics by the Inquisition in Spain and Portugal] was celebrated in the city of Cordoba, with considerable presence of Portuguese penitents. While there were some isolated prisoners, unrelated to the rest of the accused, it is possible to find some examples of Lusitanian families (for instance, the Andradas lineage) having strong social and economic ties among the prosecuted by the Holy Office. These groups had acquired properties, prominent magistracies (such as jurors or public notaries) and wealth, which made them members of the local power of the city. Their marriage strategies combined an inbreeding that strengthened their ties of kindship with marital unions destined to connect prominent “astigitanas” families, starring a gradual process of assimilation and a notorious eminent upward mobility. The significant number of Portuguese New Christians found in this community reveals an arrival of this social group to Castilla earlier to what it has been traditionally thought, as well as an integration affected, under the religious problem, by ethnic and social conflicts.

Subjects by Vocabulary

Library of Congress Subject Headings: lcsh:History (General) and history of Europe lcsh:D111-203 lcsh:Medieval history lcsh:DP1-402 lcsh:History of Spain lcsh:D

Microsoft Academic Graph classification: Social mobility language.human_language Political science language Portuguese Humanities

Keywords

Cultural Studies, History, Endogamy, Sociology and Political Science, Andrada, Écija, Auto de Fe, upward mobility, Law

14 references, page 1 of 2

30. Palacios Alcalde 1989, pp. 451-465.

31. AHN, Inquisición, leg. 1856, exp. 43.

32. Por citar solamente algunos estudios, recordar el clásico trabajo de Márquez Villanueva 2006. Recientemente, destaca la línea reflejada Graizbord 2007.

33. AHN, Inquisición, leg. 1856, exp. 43, f. 10v.

34. Por ejemplo, en Contreras 1992. Asimismo, Alpert 1997, pp. 60-75.

35. Aranda Doncel 1984, pp. 5-18.

36. Igual que ocurre con los Andrada, la documentación parece usar indistintamente Hernández de León y Fernández de León. Buscando la unificación y la lectura más cómoda, optamos siempre por transcribir Fernández como primer apellido.

52. Un claro antecedente del futuro perdón general de 1605, trabajado con detalle por LópezSalazar Codes 2010.

53. Palacios Alcalde 1983, p.459. Concretamente, encontramos que Jorge y Diego Fernández de León, así como Gabriel Gutiérrez, continuaron poseyendo sus escribanías públicas, gracias al inventario de los protocolos notariales de Écija, efectuado por su directora Marina Martín Ojeda. Más información sobre el archivo astigitano en http://archivomunicipal.ecija.es/.

54. AHN, Inquisición, leg. 1856, exp. 48.

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This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
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popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
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influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
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impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
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