Powered by OpenAIRE graph
Found an issue? Give us feedback
image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ CORE (RIOXX-UK Aggre...arrow_drop_down
image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
CORE (RIOXX-UK Aggregator)
Article . 2021
License: CC BY
image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
Language Learning
Other literature type . Article . 2020 . Peer-reviewed
License: CC BY
image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
https://doi.org/10.31234/osf.i...
Preprint . 2020
License: CC BY
Data sources: Crossref
image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
Language Learning
Article
License: CC BY
Data sources: UnpayWall
image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
https://arro.anglia.ac.uk/id/e...
Preprint
License: CC BY
Data sources: UnpayWall
PsyArXiv
Preprint . 2020
Data sources: PsyArXiv
versions View all 6 versions
addClaim

This Research product is the result of merged Research products in OpenAIRE.

You have already added 0 works in your ORCID record related to the merged Research product.
addClaim

This Research product is the result of merged Research products in OpenAIRE.

You have already added 0 works in your ORCID record related to the merged Research product.

Bilingual and multilingual mental lexicon: a modeling study with Linear Discriminative Learning

Authors: Baayen, R.; , Isabelle; Bell, Melanie; Chuang, Yu-Ying;

Bilingual and multilingual mental lexicon: a modeling study with Linear Discriminative Learning

Abstract

This study addresses the question of whether there is anything special about learning a third language, as compared to learning a second language, just by virtue of the third language being the third language acquired, and independently of the specific properties of the third language. We used computational modeling to explore this question for the learning of a small vocabulary of some 400 words, with English as L1, German or Mandarin as L2, and Mandarin and alternatively Dutch, as L3. For computational modeling, we made use of the mathematical framework of linear discriminative learning, which we extended with the learning rule of Widrow-Hoff to enable the modeling of incremental learning of the mappings between form and meaning when words' meanings are represented by vectors of real numbers (embeddings) rather than by abstract symbolic units. A series of simulation experiments covering single-language learning, bilingual learning, and finally trilingual learning, clarified that within the framework of discrimination learning, within-language homophones give rise to frailty in comprehension that in turn for production gives rise to semantic errors in L1, and language intrusions in L2 and L3. Our model correctly predicts production to lag behind comprehension in learning, and it clarified that, within the boundaries of discrimination learning, the properties of the L3 crucially determine whether L3 learning appears to involve a language that is `dormant' with respect to L1 and L2. Qualitatively surprisingly different patterns of acquisition of the L3, and its interactions with L1 and L2, can arise in our simulations without any changes in the mathematics driving learning. Our simulations also show that when words' forms incorporate not only segmental but also suprasegmental information, the nature of errors that arise in production changes. In the general discussion, we reflect on the implications of our findings for the question of what is special about multilingualism.

Related Organizations
Subjects by Vocabulary

Microsoft Academic Graph classification: Mental lexicon business.industry First language Indo-European languages computer.software_genre Vocabulary development Psycholinguistics Multilingualism Artificial intelligence Computational linguistics Psychology business Neuroscience of multilingualism computer Natural language processing

Keywords

Linguistics and Language, Language and Linguistics, Education, bepress|Social and Behavioral Sciences|Linguistics|Computational Linguistics, PsyArXiv|Social and Behavioral Sciences, PsyArXiv|Social and Behavioral Sciences|Linguistics|Computational Linguistics, bepress|Social and Behavioral Sciences, bepress|Social and Behavioral Sciences|Linguistics, PsyArXiv|Social and Behavioral Sciences|Linguistics

  • BIP!
    Impact byBIP!
    citations
    This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    8
    popularity
    This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
    Top 10%
    influence
    This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    Average
    impulse
    This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
    Top 10%
  • citations
    This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    8
    popularity
    This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
    Top 10%
    influence
    This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    Average
    impulse
    This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
    Top 10%
    Powered byBIP!BIP!
Powered by OpenAIRE graph
Found an issue? Give us feedback
citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Impulse provided by BIP!
8
Top 10%
Average
Top 10%
hybrid
Funded by
EC| WIDE
Project
WIDE
Wide Incremental learning with Discrimination nEtworks
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 742545
  • Funding stream: H2020 | ERC | ERC-ADG
Validated by funder
Related to Research communities
Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage
moresidebar

Do the share buttons not appear? Please make sure, any blocking addon is disabled, and then reload the page.