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Publication . Article . 2020

Exploration of marine phytoplankton: from their historical appreciation to the omics era

Juan José Pierella Karlusich; Juan José Pierella Karlusich; Federico Matias Ibarbalz; Federico Matias Ibarbalz; Federico Matias Ibarbalz; Chris Bowler; Chris Bowler;
Open Access
Published: 30 Oct 2020 Journal: Journal of Plankton Research, issue 0142-7873 (issn: 0142-7873, eissn: 1464-3774, Copyright policy )
Publisher: Oxford University Press (OUP)
Country: Argentina
Abstract
Marine phytoplankton are believed to account for more than 45% of photosynthetic net primary production on Earth, and hence are at the base of marine food webs and have an enormous impact on the entire Earth system. Their members are found across many of the major clades of the tree of life, including bacteria (cyanobacteria) and multiple eukaryotic lineages that acquired photosynthesis through the process of endosymbiosis. Our understanding of their distribution in marine ecosystems and their contribution to biogeochemical cycles have increased since they were first described in the 18th century. Here, we review historical milestones in marine phytoplankton research and how their roles were gradually understood, with a particular focus on insights derived from large-scale ocean exploration. We start from the first observations made by explorers and naturalists, review the initial identification of the main phytoplankton groups and the appreciation of their function in the influential Kiel and Plymouth schools that established biological oceanography, to finally outline the contribution of modern large-scale initiatives to understand this fundamental biological component of the ocean. Fil: Pierella Karlusich, Juan José. Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique. Ecole Normale Supérieure; Francia. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina Fil: Ibarbalz, Federico Matias. Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique. Ecole Normale Supérieure; Francia. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Ciudad Universitaria. Centro de Investigaciones del Mar y la Atmósfera. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales. Centro de Investigaciones del Mar y la Atmósfera; Argentina Fil: Bowler, Chris. Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique. Ecole Normale Supérieure; Francia. Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique; Francia
Subjects by Vocabulary

Microsoft Academic Graph classification: Challenger expedition History Phytoplankton Humanities

Subjects

Ecology, Aquatic Science, Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics, HMS CHALLENGER, MICROBIAL OCEANOGRAPHY, OMICS, PHYTOPLANKTON, PLANKTON EXPEDITION, PRIMARY PRODUCTION, TARA OCEANS, //purl.org/becyt/ford/1.6 [https], //purl.org/becyt/ford/1 [https]

Funded by
EC| AtlantECO
Project
AtlantECO
Atlantic ECOsystems assessment, forecasting & sustainability
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 862923
  • Funding stream: H2020 | RIA
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