publication . Article . 2018

Quest for Survival and Recognition: Insights into the Foreign Policy Endeavours of the Post-Soviet de facto States

Eiki Berg; Kristel Vits;
Embargo English
  • Published: 23 Jul 2018 Journal: Ethnopolitics, volume 17, issue 4, pages 390-407 (issn: 1744-9057, eissn: 1744-9065, Copyright policy)
  • Country: Estonia
There is lack of proper accounts of the foreign policy practices of de facto state authorities. There is no common understanding for whether de facto states have their own agency, or if these fledgling states are used as pawns within the context of wider strategic manoeuvring. This work proceeds from the assumption that de facto states are ‘states’ which, above all, seek to secure their physical survival, as well as to gain the status of legal subjectivity. For de facto states that depend on the effects of ‘smallness’; patron–client relations; and the opportunities provided by the engagement without recognition policy framework, this should ideally be the backbone of their foreign policy strategies. This comparative study on post-Soviet de facto states reveals that there are more opportunities to conduct an independent foreign policy than de facto states are able and willing to utilize. Once these entities have ensured their survival, this study demonstrates that the next steps towards gaining additional recognition might be perceived as no longer necessary.
Persistent Identifiers
Fields of Science and Technology classification (FOS)
02 engineering and technology, 0211 other engineering and technologies, 021110 strategic, defence & security studies, 05 social sciences, 0506 political science, 050602 political science & public administration
free text keywords: Political Science and International Relations, History, Cultural Studies, de facto states, recognition, small state foreign policy, patron-client relations, de facto riigid, tunnustamine, väikeriigi välispoliitika, patrooni-kliendi suhted, Political science, Foreign policy, Political economy, De facto, State (polity), media_common.quotation_subject, media_common, Agency (sociology)
Related Organizations
  • Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage
  • Social Science and Humanities
Funded by
Building Research Excellence in Russian and East European Studies at the Universities of Tartu, Uppsala and Kent
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 691818
  • Funding stream: H2020 | CSA
Validated by funder
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