publication . Article . 2020

MEDIEVAL COMMERCIAL SITES: AS SEEN THROUGH PORTABLE ANTIQUITIES SCHEME DATA

Eljas Oksanen; Michael Lewis;
Open Access
  • Published: 29 Jun 2020 Journal: The Antiquaries Journal, volume 100, pages 109-140 (issn: 0003-5815, eissn: 1758-5309, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press (CUP)
  • Country: Finland
Abstract
This paper explores some 220,000 medieval objects recorded in the Portable Antiquities Scheme (PAS) online database of archaeological small finds through Geographic Information System analysis of their relationship with contemporary market sites. First, an overview of the contents of the PAS database is presented in terms of its spatial and ‘object type’ distribution. Second, the relationship of the medieval finds data against documentary evidence of commercial activity is investigated at a national level. Finally, PAS data is contextualised in its historical landscape context through case studies. It is argued that the distribution of PAS finds on the national scale can be linked with patterns of commercial activity, and that while rural and urban finds scatters have distinguishing trends, the countryside population enjoyed access to a range of sophisticated metalwork culture; also, that certain assemblages can be analysed statistically to yield new data and perspectives on local historical development.
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Fields of Science and Technology classification (FOS)
01 natural sciences, 0105 earth and related environmental sciences, 010506 paleontology, 06 humanities and the arts, 0601 history and archaeology, 060102 archaeology
Subjects
free text keywords: Archaeology, History, Visual Arts and Performing Arts, 615 History and Archaeology, aoristic analysis, small finds, coins, assemblages, markets, metal-detecting, Scale (map), Distribution (economics), business.industry, business, Rural area, Documentary evidence, Regional science, Geographic information system, Context (language use), Geography, Population, education.field_of_study, education, Online database
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