publication . Article . 2021

Iron Age hunting and herding in coastal eastern Africa: ZooMS identification of domesticates and wild bovids at Panga ya Saidi, Kenya

Courtney Culley; Anneke Janzen; Samantha Brown; Mary E. Prendergast; Ceri Shipton; Emmanuel Ndiema; Michael D. Petraglia; Nicole Boivin; Alison Crowther;
Open Access English
  • Published: 21 Apr 2021
  • Country: United Kingdom
Abstract
The morphological differentiation of African bovids in highly fragmented zooarchaeological assemblages is a major hindrance to reconstructing the nature and spread of pastoralism in sub-Saharan Africa. Here we employ collagen peptide mass fingerprinting, known as Zooarchaeology by Mass Spectrometry (ZooMS), coupled with recently published African ZooMS reference datasets, to identify domesticates and wild bovids in Iron Age assemblages at the cave site of Panga ya Saidi in southeast Kenya. Through ZooMS we have identified all three major African livestock—sheep (Ovis aries), goat (Capra hircus) and cattle (Bos taurus)—at the site for the first time. The results ...
Subjects
Medical Subject Headings: parasitic diseases
free text keywords: Zooarchaeology; Collagen fingerprinting; Caprines; CattleHunter-gatherer subsistence; Agro-pastoralism; Food production; East Africa, Archaeology, History
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