publication . Article . 2018

Bears and humans, a Neanderthal tale. Reconstructing uncommon behaviors from zooarchaeological evidence in southern Europe

Matteo Romandini; Gabriele Terlato; Nicola Nannini; Antonio Tagliacozzo; Stefano Benazzi; Marco Peresani;
Open Access English
  • Published: 06 Feb 2018
  • Country: Italy
Abstract
Abstract Cave bear ( Ursus spelaeus ), brown bear ( Ursus arctos ), and Neanderthals were potential competitors for environmental resources (shelters and food) in Europe. In order to reinforce this view and contribute to the ongoing debate on late Neanderthal behavior, we present evidence from zooarchaeological and taphonomic analyses of bear bone remains discovered at Rio Secco Cave and Fumane Cave in northeast Italy, an extended geographic area north of the Adriatic Sea. The remains from both caves come from layers dated to 49-42 ky cal. BP, and suggest close interactions between humans and bears, with data not only limited to the association of Mousterian lit...
Persistent Identifiers
Subjects
free text keywords: Brown bear, Cave, Cave bear, Hunting, Italy, Middle palaeolithic, Taphonomy, Archeology (arts and humanities), Archeology, Socio-culturale, Cave bear; Brown bear; Middle Palaeolithic; Hunting; Taphonomy; Cave; Italy, Archaeology, History, Cave, geography.geographical_feature_category, geography, Archaeology, Cave bear, biology.organism_classification, biology, Neanderthal behavior, Taphonomy, Ursus, Mousterian, Predation, Neanderthal, biology.animal
Funded by
EC| SUCCESS
Project
SUCCESS
The earliest migration of Homo sapiens in Southern Europe: understanding the biocultural processes that define our uniqueness
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 724046
  • Funding stream: H2020 | ERC | ERC-COG
Validated by funder
Communities
Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage
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