publication . Article . 2017

Chemical analyses of Egyptian mummification balms and organic residues from storage jars dated from the Old Kingdom to the Copto-Byzantine period

Jeannette Jacqueline Łucejko; Jacques Connan; Sibilla Orsini; Erika Ribechini; Francesca Modugno;
Open Access English
  • Published: 07 Jul 2017
  • Country: Italy
Abstract
Abstract Twenty three samples of Egyptian organic materials, spanning from the Old Kingdom to the Copto-Byzantine Period, were investigated by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The sample set was comprised of ten balm samples from human mummies, three balms from shrews, and ten samples of residues scraped from jars and amphora from storehouses. This research program was undertaken with two main goals: Firstly to provide complementary data on the mummification balms from both humans and animals with an emphasis on the occurrence of bitumen in mummification mixtures. Secondly to explore whether the jar residues were mixtures that were used for mummification pu...
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Subjects
free text keywords: Bitumen; Egyptian balms; GC-MS; Mummies; Organic residues; Potsherds; Storage jars; Archeology (arts and humanities); History; Archeology, Archaeology, Geography, Mastic Resin, Mummification, Analytical design, Amphora, Castor oil, medicine.drug, medicine, Embalming, Dead sea
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