publication . Article . 2018

Route persistence. Modelling and quantifying historical route-network stability from the Roman period to early-modern times (AD 100–1600): a case study from the Netherlands

a case study from the Netherlands
Rowin J. van Lanen; Bert Groenewoudt; Theo Spek; Esther Jansma;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Aug 2018 Journal: Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences (issn: 1866-9557, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Springer Nature
  • Country: Netherlands
Abstract
Research on route-network stability is rare. In time, due to cultural and/or natural causes, settlement locations and route orientation shift. The nature of these spatial changes sheds light on the complex interaction between settlements and surrounding natural landscape conditions. This study investigates the stability of route networks in the Netherlands during the past two millennia by determining their persistence through time. Environmental, archaeological and historical data are used to reconstruct and compare route networks. By using network friction, archaeological data on settlement patterns and route networks in combination with historical data (e.g. old maps), we were able to model route-network persistence (not necessarily continuity) from the Roman to early medieval periods (AD 100–800) and from the Early Middle Ages to the Early Modern Times (AD 800–1600). Results show that around 67.6% of the modelled early-mediëval routes in the Netherlands are persistent with routes in the Roman period. Covering a much larger surface area of the Netherlands, 24.5% of the early-modern routes show a clear persistence with their early-medieval counterparts. Besides the differences in surface area, this downfall can largely be explained by cultural dynamics, with 71.4% of the earlymodern route network following modelled movement corridors. already in existence during the Early Middle Ages.
Fields of Science and Technology classification (FOS)
01 natural sciences, 0105 earth and related environmental sciences, 010506 paleontology, 06 humanities and the arts, 0601 history and archaeology, 060102 archaeology
Subjects
free text keywords: Route-network stability, Route persistence ., Roman period, Early Middle Ages, Early-modern times, Historical routes, DELTA, Archeology, Anthropology, Human settlement, Period (geology), Persistence (discontinuity), Settlement (litigation), Archaeology, Stability (probability), Natural landscape, Geography, Physical geography, Middle Ages, Natural (archaeology)
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