publication . Article . 2016

La république des « humeurs » : Les querelles dans le dictionnaire de Bayle

Isabelle Moreau;
Open Access
  • Published: 01 Dec 2016 Journal: Revue de Synthèse, volume 137, pages 427-452 (issn: 0035-1776, eissn: 1955-2343, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Brill
Abstract
International audience; Quarrelling is a ‘routine’ activity of the Republic of Letters. This article demonstrates that quarrels played a key role in the field of historical criticism. Our intellectual contribution is twofold. First, we bring to the fore the epistemological issues raised by Bayle while reporting the quarrels of the Republic of Letters, and demonstrate their creative potential, thus applying to historiography conclusions drawn by recent research on scientific controversies. We offer a new understanding of scholarly quarrels, here understood as a socially and intellectually structuring activity. Second, we take position with regard to the debate over Bayle’s historical pyrrhonism. As will be shown, the quarrels constitute a key element within a method of writing history that is both conscious of its limits and sure of its investigative powers.; Les querelles constituent une activité « routinière » plutôt qu’extraordinaire du monde lettré et savant. Nous montrons ici qu’elles ont un rôle à jouer dans le domaine de la critique historique. Notre apport est double. En nous intéressant aux enjeux épistémologiques de l’écriture baylienne de la querelle, nous transposons sur le terrain de l’historiographie l’apport des études récentes sur la productivité des querelles scientifiques. Nous présentons une perspective nouvelle de compréhension des querelles comme activité structurante de la république des lettres, tant sur le plan social qu’intellectuel. Ce faisant, nous prenons position dans le débat sur le « pyrrhonisme » historique de Bayle en montrant que les querelles sont centrales dans une démarche historiographique consciente de ses limites comme de ses pouvoirs d’investigation.; Gli scontri polemici costituiscono un attività piuttosto regolare e non straordinaria nel mondo dei letterati e scienziati. Cercheremo di mostrare qui che queste polemiche possono occupare un ruolo particolare nel campo della critica storica. La nostra proposta è doppia. Ci interessiamo alle prospettive e consequenze epistemologiche del modo in cui Bayle registra le polemiche : cosi faciendo applichiamo al piano istoriografico gli apporti dei studi recenti sulla produttività delle controversie scientifiche. Presenteremo una prospettiva nuova di comprensione delle polemiche in quanto attività che struttura la Repubblica delle lettere, sia sul piano sociale che intellettuale. Di consequenza, prendiamo posizione nel dibattito sul « pyrrhonismo » storico di Bayle, mostrando che le polemiche sono centrali a una pratica istoriografica che sa riconoscere i propri limiti cosi sue capacità d'investigazione.
Persistent Identifiers
Fields of Science and Technology classification (FOS)
05 social sciences, 0501 psychology and cognitive sciences, 050105 experimental psychology, 06 humanities and the arts, 0602 languages and literature, 060202 literary studies
Subjects
free text keywords: Philosophy, Republic of Letters, History, Skepticism, proof, quarrels, République des lettres, querelles, preuve, Scepticisme, Histoire, Storia, scetticismo, polemica, Repubblica delle lettere, [SHS.LITT]Humanities and Social Sciences/Literature, [SHS.PHIL]Humanities and Social Sciences/Philosophy, [SHS.RELIG]Humanities and Social Sciences/Religions, History, skepticism, proof, quarrels, Republic of Letters, The Republic, Political science, Skepticism, media_common.quotation_subject, media_common, Element (criminal law), Epistemology, Republic of Letters, Field (Bourdieu), Historical criticism, Pyrrhonism, Historiography
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