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Publication . Article . 2020

For the Benefit of All Men : Oceanography and Franco‐American Scientific Diplomacy in the Cold War, 1958–1970**

Beatriz Martínez-Rius;
Open Access
Published: 27 Nov 2020 Journal: Berichte zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte, volume 43, pages 581-605 (issn: 0170-6233, eissn: 1522-2365, Copyright policy )
Publisher: Wiley
Country: France

International audience; In the 1960s, the growing strategic importance of ocean exploration led the French government to develop greater capacity in marine scientific research, aiming to promote cooperative and diplomatic relations with the leading states in ocean exploration. Devised during Charles de Gaulle's government (1958-1969), the restructuring of French oceanography culminated, in 1967, in the establishment of the state-led Centre National pour l'Exploitation des OcØans (CNEXO). Beyond being intended to control the orientation of marine research at a national level, the CNEXO's mission was to use scientific diplomacy to balance a desire for enhancing international cooperative relations in oceanography with French ambitions to equal the USA's leading capacity to explore the oceans. Its director, the naval officer Yves la Prairie, played a crucial role in articulating scientific, national, and diplomatic interests for France in the oceans.

Subjects by Vocabulary

Microsoft Academic Graph classification: Government Oceanography Restructuring Diplomacy media_common.quotation_subject media_common Officer Cold war Political science Ocean exploration Marine research State (polity)


History and Philosophy of Science, History, Diplomacy, France, Government, International Cooperation, Oceanography, United States, Beitrag, Beiträge, Article, Science diplomacy, ocean sciences, Cold War, Franco-American relations, CNEXO, [SHS.HISPHILSO]Humanities and Social Sciences/History, Philosophy and Sociology of Sciences, [SDU.STU.OC]Sciences of the Universe [physics]/Earth Sciences/Oceanography

Related Organizations
61 references, page 1 of 7

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Agar, Jon, Science in the Twentieth Century and Beyond (Cambridge, UK: Polity Press, 2012).

Ballard, Robert D., “The History of Woods Hole's Deep Submergence Program,” in 50 Years of Ocean Discovery: National Science Foundation 1950 - 2000, ed. Ocean Studies Board and National Research Council (US) (Washington, D. C.: National Academies Press, 2000), 67 - 84.

Brunn, Anton F., “The International Advisory Committee on Marine Sciences of UNESCO,” AIBS Bulletin 8, no. 1 (January 1958): 12 - 14.

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Camprub , Lino, “'No Longer an American Lake': Depth and Geopolitics in the Mediterranean,” Diplomatic History 44, no. 3 (2020): 428 - 446.

Camprub , Lino, and Samuel Robinson, “A Gateway to Ocean Circulation: Surveillance and Sovereignty at Gibraltar,” Historical Studies in Natural Sciences 46 no. 4 (2016): 429 - 459.

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CNEXO, Rapport Annuel 1968 (Paris: Centre National pour l'Exploitation des Oc ans, 1968).

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Funded by
Understanding the Mediterranean Salinity Crisis
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 765256
  • Funding stream: H2020 | MSCA-ITN-ETN
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