publication . Patent . 2019

Demo-Hist für historische Demografie: Eine neue Strukturierung massiver Daten für die Geistes- und Sozialwissenschaften.

Rassat, Sylvain; Ruggiu, François-Joseph; Pandolfi, Benoît;
French
  • Published: 29 May 2019
  • Publisher: HAL CCSD
  • Country: France
Abstract
Within Axis 1 of the Roland Mousnier Center, the "Charleville" team was recently at the origin of a data structuring software called "Démo-Hist" for "Démographie-Historique". Presented by the three co-authors, Sylvain Rassat, Benoît Pandolfi and François-Joseph Ruggiu, the application has just been validated and officially registered by the Agency for the Protection of Programs (A.P.P).It is the culmination of almost three years of work and the manifestation of an integrated approach led by the Roland Mousnier Center which is fully in the interest of Sorbonne University and CNRS in the digital humanities and the great masses of data.At the origin of the software is the considerable amount of data accumulated during the socio-demographic survey conducted since the mid-2000s by the Roland Mousnier Center on the population of Charleville from the end of the 17th century to the beginning of the 20th century. These data are essentially demographic, from parish registers, civil status registers, and annual censuses of the population, made by the municipality of the city, but also social and geographical.Initially entered on the Filemaker software, the data has been transposed into the new "Demo-Hist" structuring interoperable and transferable in various computer systems (MS-DOS, MAC-OS, LINUX, etc.), in different query systems. (SQL, POSTGRESQL, MYSQL for example) and exploitable by specific software (MySQLWorkbench, PGADMIN, ACCESS for example). This new tool allows the simultaneous storage and analysis of time factor (punctual and intervals), spatial data (point, linear and surface), and metadata related to archival documents and associated data entry campaigns.Thanks to its great physical lightness and simplicity of use, it is possible to carry out, either directly in a database management system (PGADMIN, ACCESS or MYSQL WORKBENCH for example) or, after export of discriminated data or not, third-party and autonomous software (RSTUDIO, STATA for example) simple statistical treatments, focused on the complete Carolopolitan population (single informal fields), or multivariate as well as longitudinal (chronological) analyzes of individual and collective links based on the notions of proximity, remoteness, ancestry and descent from graph theory.
Subjects
free text keywords: Big data application, History, Demography, Gis-Bases, Spatial temporal, Methods and Tools, [SHS.INFO]Humanities and Social Sciences/Library and information sciences, [SHS.STAT]Humanities and Social Sciences/Methods and statistics, [SHS.HIST]Humanities and Social Sciences/History, [SHS.DEMO]Humanities and Social Sciences/Demography, [INFO.INFO-DB]Computer Science [cs]/Databases [cs.DB]
Related Organizations
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