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Communication field in Swedish Baltic Sea provinces in the end of the 17th century – Reval(i)sche Post-Zeitung as an early modern information vehicle

Authors: Vanamölder, Kaarel;

Communication field in Swedish Baltic Sea provinces in the end of the 17th century – Reval(i)sche Post-Zeitung as an early modern information vehicle

Abstract

The thesis deals with Reval(i)sche Post-Zeitung, a newspaper printed periodically in Tallinn during the end of the Swedish reign (approx. 1689–1710). So far the newspaper has been examined as a separate institution in the historiography, but in the thesis the conception of the approach has been changed by viewing it in the broader context of early modern Swedish Empire and the European press history. The papers constituting the thesis review different aspects of the study object. The periodically issued (Tallinn) newspaper is at first reviewed together with other early modern information vehicles (pamphlets, etc) as a possible source of publicism and historiography of that time. Thereafter the thesis focuses on the person of the typographer of Reval(i)sche Post-Zeitung and his other everyday activities. Newspaper publishing wasn’t an activity per se or a separate task for the typographer but one aspect of information communication and reproduction of news vehicles. Commercial and other announcements published in the newspaper are dealt with separately. As a methodological innovation Reval(i)sche Post-Zeitung was for the first time reviewed in parallel with newspapers published in the Livonian Province – Montags (Donnertstags) Ordinari Post Zeitung (1690–1681), Rigische Novellen (1681–1710), and other German newspapers, for example those published in Königsberg and Hamburg. As a result of the comparison it became clear thet Reval(i)sche Post-Zeitung was a abbreviated reedition of the newspaper printed in Riga. This knowledge compels us to revise the current outlook on the Baltic early modern press history. The publishing of the newspapers in Estonian and Livonian Province centres should be viewed as an integral process initiated by the volition of the central government to control the ways and channels of the information communication aimed at the public.

Väitekirjas käsitletakse Rootsi aja lõpul (u 1689–1710) Tallinnas perioodiliselt ilmunud trükitud ajalehte Reval(i)sche Post-Zeitung. Senises historiograafias on lehte vaadeldud omaette institutsioonina, kuid väitekirjas muudeti ainesele lähenemisel kontseptsiooni, käsitledes seda laiemalt varauusaegse Rootsi suurriigi ja Euroopa pressiajaloo kontekstis. Väitekirjaks koondatud artiklid avavad uurimisobjekti erinevaid tahke. Perioodiliselt ilmunud (Tallinna) ajalehte vaadeldakse esmalt koos teiste varauusaegsete infokandjatega (lendlehtede jms) kui tollase publitsistika ning ajalookirjutuse üht võimalikku allikat. Seejärel keskendutakse Reval(i)sche Post-Zeitungi trükkali isikule ja tema muudele igapäevastele tegevustele. Ajalehe väljaandmine polnud trükkalile asi iseeneses või eraldi ülesanne, vaid üks tahk informatsiooni edastamises ja uudiskandjate reprodutseerimises. Eraldi käsitletakse ajalehes avaldatud reklaam- ning muid teateid. Metodoloogilise uuendusena vaadeldi Reval(i)sche Post-Zeitungit esmakordselt paralleelselt Liivimaa kindralkubermangus välja antud ajalehtedega Montags (Donnertstags) Ordinari Post Zeitung (1690–1681), Rigische Novellen (1681–1710) ning teiste Saksa ajalehtedega, näiteks Königsbergis ja Hamburgis ilmunutega. Võrdluse tulemusena selgus, et Reval(i)sche Post-Zeitungi näol on tegemist Riias ilmunud ajalehe lühendatud ümbertrükiga. See teadmine sunnib revideerima Balti varauusaegse pressi ajaloo seniseid seisukohti. Eesti- ja Liivimaa kubermangukeskuste ajalehtede väljaandmist tuleb vaadelda ühtse protsessina, mida initsieeris keskvõimu tahe kontrollida avalikkusele suunatud info edastamise viise ja kanaleid.

Väitekirja elektrooniline versioon ei sisalda publikatsioone.

Country
Estonia
Related Organizations
Keywords

Revalsche Post-Zeitung (newspaper), Estonia, dissertation, dissertatsioonid, 17. saj. lõpp, The time of Estonia's affiliation to Sweden, newspapers, Eesti, early modern history, Tallinn, ajalugu, varauusaeg, ajalehed, Revalsche Post-Zeitung (ajaleht), Livonian Province, Eestimaa kubermang, Liivimaa kubermang, communication, kommunikatsioon, ETD, End of the 17th century, infoallikad, väitekiri, Estonian Province, history, Rootsi aeg, information resources

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    This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
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    This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
    Average
    influence
    This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
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    impulse
    This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
    Average
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citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Impulse provided by BIP!
0
Average
Average
Average
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