publication . Part of book or chapter of book . 2014

A Digital Humanities Approach to the History of Science Eugenics Revisited in Hidden Debates by Means of Semantic Text Mining

Huijnen, Pim; Laan, Fons; de Rijke, Maarten; Pieters, Toine; Nadamoto, A; Jatowt, A; Wierzbicki, A; Leidner, JL; Sub History and Philosophy of Science; Sub Pharmacoepidemiology; ...
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Jan 2014
Abstract
Comparative historical research on the the intensity, diversity and fluidity of public discourses has been severely hampered by the extraordinary task of manually gathering and processing large sets of opinionated data in news media in different countries. At most 50,000 documents have been systematically studied in a single comparative historical project in the subject area of heredity and eugenics. Digital techniques, like the text mining tools WAHSP and BILAND we have developed in two successive demonstrator projects, are able to perform advanced forms of multi-lingual text-mining in much larger data sets of newspapers. We describe the development and use of WAHSP and BILAND to support historical discourse analysis in large digitized news media corpora. Furthermore, we argue how text mining techniques overcome the problem of traditional historical research that only documents explicitly referring to eugenics issues and debates can be incorporated. Our tools are able to provide information on ideas and notions about heredity, genetics and eugenics that circulate in discourses that are not directly related to eugenics (e.g., sport, education and economics).
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Funded by
NWO| Semantic Search in E-Discovery
Project
  • Funder: Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) (NWO)
  • Project Code: 2300168486
,
NWO| Modeling and Learning from Implicit Feedback in Information Retrieval
Project
  • Funder: Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) (NWO)
  • Project Code: 2300171779
,
EC| LIMOSINE
Project
LIMOSINE
Linguistically Motivated Semantic aggregatIon engiNes
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 288024
  • Funding stream: FP7 | SP1 | ICT
,
NWO| SPuDisc: Searching Public Discourse
Project
  • Funder: Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) (NWO)
  • Project Code: 2300176811
,
NWO| Building Rich Links to Enable Television History Research
Project
  • Funder: Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) (NWO)
  • Project Code: 2300153702
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Part of book or chapter of book . 2014
Providers: NARCIS
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