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Other research product . Collection . 2018

Astronomical tunings of the Oligocene-Miocene Transition from IODP Site 320-U1334

Beddow, Helen M; Liebrand, Diederik; Wilson, Douglas S; Hilgen, Frederik J; Sluijs, Appy; Wade, Bridget S; Lourens, Lucas Joost;
Open Access
Published: 01 Jan 2018
Publisher: PANGAEA

Astronomical tuning of sediment sequences requires both unambiguous cycle-pattern recognition in climate proxy records and astronomical solutions, and independent information about the phase relationship between these two. Here we present two different astronomically tuned age models for the Oligocene-Miocene Transition (OMT) from Integrated Ocean Drilling Program Site U1334 (equatorial Pacific Ocean) to assess the effect tuning has on astronomically calibrated ages and the geologic time scale. These alternative age models (from ~22 to ~24 Ma) are based on different tunings between proxy records and eccentricity: the first age model is based on an aligning CaCO3 weight (wt%) to Earth's orbital eccentricity, the second age model is based on a direct age calibration of benthic foraminiferal stable carbon isotope ratios (d13C) to eccentricity. To independently test which tuned age model and associated tuning assumptions is in best agreement with independent ages based on tectonic plate-pair spreading rates, we assign our tuned ages to the magnetostratigraphic reversals identified in deep-marine magnetic anomaly profiles. Subsequently, we compute tectonic plate-pair spreading rates based on the tuned ages. The resultant, alternative spreading rate histories indicate that the CaCO3 tuned age model is most consistent with a conservative assumption of constant, or linearly changing, spreading rates. The CaCO3 tuned age model thus provides robust ages and durations for polarity chrons C6Bn.1n-C6Cn.1r, which are not based on astronomical tuning in the latest iteration of the Geologic Time Scale. Furthermore, it provides independent evidence that the relatively large (several 10,000 years) time lags documented in the benthic foraminiferal isotope records relative to orbital eccentricity, constitute a real feature of the Oligocene-Miocene climate system and carbon cycle. The age constraints from Site U1334 thus provide independent evidence that the delayed responses of the Oligocene-Miocene climate-cryosphere system and carbon cycle resulted from highly nonlinear feedbacks to astronomical forcing.


Integrated Ocean Drilling Program / International Ocean Discovery Program (IODP)

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Funded by
NWO| Evolution of astronomically paced climate changes from Greenhouse to Icehouse world
  • Funder: Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) (NWO)
  • Project Code: 5600
A new approach to sequence Earth history at high resolution over the past 66 million years
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 617462
  • Funding stream: FP7 | SP2 | ERC
Enhanced Research Activities in Stratigraphy
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 293741
  • Funding stream: FP7 | SP3 | PEOPLE
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