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Other research product . 2012

History of caesarean hysterectomy

Sparić Radmila; Kadija Saša; Hudelist Gernot; Glišić Andreja; Buzadžić Snežana;
Open Access
Published: 01 Jan 2012
Publisher: Acta chirurgica iugoslavica
Country: Serbia
Caesarean hysterectomy evolved as a life-saving procedure following caesarean delivery. The concept underlying caesarean hysterectomy dates back to the mid 1700s and with a description of the procedure performed on laboratory animals. Eduardo Porro of Milan performed the first planned caesarean hysterectomy in which both the infant and the mother survived. He documented his operation in a paper published in 1876. Porro advocated hysterectomy combined with caesarean section to control post partum haemorrhage and to prevent infection. The maternal death rate following the operation remained high, but was substantly below the rate prior to the introduction of the procedure. The Porro procedure contributed to more favourable outcome for both the mother and the infant, having sterility and premature menopause as its side effects. Fortunately, the need for the procedure was soon minimised following the proposal to close the uterine incision with sutures. Although elective caesarean hysterectomy is still a controversial issue, there is no doubt that emergency post partum hysterectomy in case of massive obstetric haemorrhage is potentially life-saving. Over the past decades, the availability of potent uterotonics and broad-spectrum antibiotics, the development of embolisation techniques, and new methods of vessel ligation, have markedly reduced the need for caesarean hysterectomy, which, however, remains an important procedure in modern obstetric practice.
Subjects by Vocabulary

Medical Subject Headings: reproductive and urinary physiology


caesarean hysterectomy, history, Eduardo Porro, caesarean section

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