research product . 2019

The Turing Test: What is the role of the Turing Test in the historical development of Artificial Intelligence?

Bin Abdul Rahman, Abdul Halim; Sørensen Alves Monteiro, Miguel;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Jan 2019
  • Publisher: Roskilde University
  • Country: Denmark
Abstract
This project was set out to explore the role of the Turing Test in the development of Artificial Intelligence (AI), with emphasis on the historical perspective. This report contains an introductory presentation of the Turing Test and Artificial Intelligence. Furthermore, it presents two methods for analysis. The first method is a quantitative search in extracting the number of results from Google Scholars for search range between 1950 and 2019. The searched terms are ‘Turing Test’ and ‘Artificial Intelligence’. The second method is the one used for the analysis of two case studies, ELIZA and Google Duplex. In exploring the historical development, ELIZA is an early research topic from 1966 and Google Duplex is a contemporary project from 2018. This report concludes that the Turing Test appears to have played a role in the historical development of AI. Results from the quantitative search show that there is an exponential growth, followed by a short stabilisation, before it begins to decay towards the last decade. Both case studies failed when subjected to a strict Turing Test. Though when subjected to the Total Turing Test, Google Duplex seems to surpass it. Finally, this report also concludes that the Turing Test may no longer be relevant, as mediums for AI have evolved beyond text-based and most developments are no longer concerned with tricking humans.
Subjects
free text keywords: Artificial General Intelligence, Artificial Intelligence, chatbot, ELIZA, Google Duplex, imitation game, machine intelligence, natural language processing, Total Turing Test, Turing Test
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Communities
  • Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage
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