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Sejarah Uang Republik Indonesia Banten (Uridab) (1945-1949)

Authors: Lasmiyati, (Lasmiyati);

Sejarah Uang Republik Indonesia Banten (Uridab) (1945-1949)

Abstract

Setelah Kemerdekaan Indonesia diproklamasikan tanggal 17 Agustus 1945, di Serang Banten terdapat dua peristiwa penting, yaitu revolusi sosial dan tempat pencetakan uang daerah untuk Banten. Tahun 1947, di Serang, tentara Belanda di bawah naungan Pasukan Sekutu melakukan blokade darat dan laut. Pemerintahan di Serang pun putus komunikasi dengan Pemerintah RI yang berada di Yogyakarta. Agar perekonomian di Serang tetap berjalan, pemerintah pusat mengizinkan daerah Banten untuk mencetak uang daerah sendiri bernama Uang Republik Indonesia Daerah Banten (URIDAB). Menjadi pertanyaan tersendiri mengapa Serang Banten dipercaya oleh pemeritah pusat untuk mencetak uang dan mengapa pasukan Belanda melakukan blokade ekonomi. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui mengapa Serang Banten dipercaya oleh pemerintah pusat untuk mencetak uang sendiri, adakah hubungannya antara URIDAB dan revolusi sosial. Metode yang digunakan adalah metode sejarah yang meliputi empat tahapan yaitu heuristik, kritik, interpretasi, dan historiografi. Melalui hasil penelitian yang dilakukan, diketahui bahwa pencetakan uang daerah di Banten diawali dengan perpindahan ibu kota RI dari Jakarta ke Yogyakarta. Belanda yang datang ke Indonesia dengan cara membonceng NICA melakukan kekacauan, penyerangan, dan memblokade ekonomi. Daerah-daerah yang lokasinya jauh dengan ibu kota RI sangat kesulitan berkomunikasi, sehingga pemerintah pusat yang berkedudukan di Yogyakarta memberikan wewenang kepada Residen Banten Achmad Chatib untuk mencetak mata uang sendiri dengan nama URIDAB kepanjangan dari Uang Republik Indonesia Daerah Banten.

Country
Indonesia
Related Organizations
Keywords

the money of Banten, uang daerah Banten, Sejarah, Indonesia, history

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    This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    0
    popularity
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    Average
    influence
    This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    Average
    impulse
    This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
    Average
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citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Impulse provided by BIP!
0
Average
Average
Average
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