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Konektivitas Bandar-bandar di Jalur Rempah dalam Novel Arus Balik

Authors: Muslimin, M. F. (Muhammad);

Konektivitas Bandar-bandar di Jalur Rempah dalam Novel Arus Balik

Abstract

Bandar menjadi tempat vital sebagai pintu gerbang masuknya para pedagang dari bangsa lain dan juga lokal untuk melakukan aktivitas perdagangan sekaligus transfer pengetahuan. Di dalam karya sastra sejarah Arus Balik, Pramoedya Ananta Toer menggambarkan secara apik bagaimana peran bandar-bandar yang tidak saja sekaligus sebagai tempat aktivitas perdagangan tetapi juga menjadi tempat terjadinya peristiwa-peristiwa penting yang tercatat oleh sejarah. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengungkapkan peran bandar-bandar sebagai bagian dari konektivitas jalur rempah dan dinamika sosial yang terjadinya pada periode 1510-1530. Permasalahan yang diangkat pada penelitian ini antara lain, bagaimana penggambaran jalur serta praktik perdagangan rempah, peran dan penggambaran bandar, dan dinamika sosial yang berkembang. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah thick description yang berfokus pada interpretasi peristiwa di dalam karya dengan mempertimbangkan unsur kontekstualnya. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa terdapat sembilan bandar yang menjadi sentra pelayaran, perdagangan dan pendistribusian rempah, yaitu bandar Malaka, Kota Tuban, Banten, Jepara, Gresik, Lao Sam, Sunda Kelapa, dan Maluku yang menjadi sorotan utama. Bandar tersebit menunjukkan peran dan fungsinya yang berbeda-beda serta beragam peristiwa sejarah, utamanya aliansi armada kerajaan Nusantara. Kesimpulannya adalah bandar sebagai jantung dari konektivitas jalur rempah memainkan fungsi dan peran sosialnya sebagai sarana menguatkan, menstabilkan, sekaligus mempertahankan kepentingan kolektif dan internal masing-masing kerajaan.

Country
Indonesia
Related Organizations
Keywords

History, bandar, Indonesia, Literature, kontektivitas, jalur rempah, History of literature

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  • citations
    This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    0
    popularity
    This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
    Average
    influence
    This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    Average
    impulse
    This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
    Average
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citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Impulse provided by BIP!
0
Average
Average
Average
Related to Research communities
Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage
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