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2014
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EU:n päästökaupan historia ja nykytila

Authors: Saari, Juho;

EU:n päästökaupan historia ja nykytila

Abstract

Tässä työssä selvitetään, miten Euroopan Unionin päästökauppajärjestelmä on toiminut sen alusta vuodesta 2005 sen nykytilaan vuonna 2014. Erityisesti huomiota kiinnitetään päästöoikeuksien hintakehitykseen sekä käyttämättömien päästöoikeuksien kertymiseen. Työssä havaitaan, että ylimääräiset jaetut päästöoikeudet ovat aiheuttaneet päästöoikeuksien hinnan laskemista. Liian matalan hinnan seurauksena päästökauppa ei kannusta yrityksiä tekemään investointeja vihreään teknologiaan, vaikka se on yksi päästökauppajärjestelmän päätarkoitus YK:n ilmastosopimuksen täyttymisen varmistamisen ohella. Suurin syy käyttämättömien päästöoikeuksien kertymiseen on vuoden 2008 talouskriisi. Tätä ongelmaa korjataan väliaikaisesti siirtämällä päästöoikeuksia myöhemmin jaettavaksi. Lisää ratkaisuja odotetaan neljännelle päästökauppakaudelle. In this thesis the progress of the European Union emission trading system is investigated from the beginning in year 2005 to the current state in year 2014. Special attention is paid to the price development of the emission allowances and accumulation of the unused al-lowances. In this work it is concluded that the allocated allowances that are unused have caused decrease in the price of the emission allowances. As a result of too low emission allowance prices the emission trading system does not encourage the companies in the system to make investments in green technology even though it is one of the main pur-poses of the system alongside securing the UNFCCC goals. The main event that led to surplus of the allowances is the economic crisis of 2008. This problem is being fixed by taking some of the not yet allocated allowances out of the system to be allocated later. More solutions are expected of the fourth emission trading period.

Country
Finland
Related Organizations
Keywords

Emission, History, Trading, Päästökauppa, Nykytila, Backloading, EUA, EU, Historia, ETS

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  • citations
    This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    0
    popularity
    This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
    Average
    influence
    This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    Average
    impulse
    This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
    Average
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citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Impulse provided by BIP!
0
Average
Average
Average
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