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LUTPub
2020
Data sources: LUTPub

Effects of emotive language on performance of fake news detection model

Authors: Kostoska, Teodora;

Effects of emotive language on performance of fake news detection model

Abstract

The increased amount of fake news has created a demand for different fake news detection methods. One way to detect fake news is with machine learning models. While there is a lot of research on different fake news detection models, there is not that much research done on the effects of sentiment information on the classification accuracy of the models. Sentiment information means the overall tone of each of the news articles in the dataset, whether it is positive, neutral, or negative. The goal of this thesis is to find out how sentiment information affects the performance of two of the most popular fake news detection machine learning models. These models are the Naïve Bayes and Support Vector Machine. The sentiment analysis was done with TextBlob and Vader, which are already tested and trained sentiment analysis tools available in Python. The results showed that sentiment information did not have any significant effect on the classification accuracy of the fake news detection models. In most of the cases the addition of sentiment information slightly decreased the accuracy of the models. Valeuutisten kasvanut määrä on aiheuttanut tarvetta löytää erilaisia menetelmiä valeuutisten havaitsemiseen. Yksi tapa havaita valeuutisia on koneoppimismenetelmien avulla. Vaikka erilaisia valeuutisten havaitsemiseen käytettyjä koneoppimismalleja on tutkittu paljon, ei ole vielä paljon tutkimusta siitä, miten tunnetieto vaikuttaa koneoppimismallien luokittelutarkkuuteen. Tunnetiedolla tarkoitetaan tietoaineiston kunkin uutisartikkelin yleistä sävyä, eli onko artikkeli positiivinen, neutraali vai negatiivinen. Tämän työn tavoitteena on selvittää, millainen vaikutus tunnetiedolla on kahteen suosituimpaan valeuutisten havaitsemiseen käytetyn koneoppimismallin suorituskykyyn. Nämä mallit ovat Naïve Bayes ja Support Vector Machine. Tunneanalyysi tehtiin käyttäen TextBlobia ja Vaderia, jotka ovat Pythonista löytyviä valmiiksi valmennettuja ja testattuja tunneanalyysityökaluja. Tulokset näyttivät, että tunnetiedolla ei ollut merkittävä vaikutus valeuutisia havaitsevien koneoppimismallien luokittelutarkkuuteen. Suurimmassa osassa tuloksista tunnetietojen lisääminen hiukan laski mallien tarkkuutta.

Country
Finland
Related Organizations
Keywords

fake news, machine learning, koneoppiminen, fi=School of Engineering Science, Tietotekniikka|en=School of Engineering Science, Computer Science|, classification, luokittelu, sentiment analysis, tunneanalyysi, natural language processing, luonnollisen kielen käsittely, fi=Datatiede|en=Data science|, valeuutiset

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  • citations
    This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    0
    popularity
    This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
    Average
    influence
    This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    Average
    impulse
    This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
    Average
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citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Impulse provided by BIP!
0
Average
Average
Average
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