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Patrimoine militaire dans la ville japonaise : entre mémoire historique et symbole identitaire

Authors: Vomscheid, Delphine;

Patrimoine militaire dans la ville japonaise : entre mémoire historique et symbole identitaire

Abstract

Article du mois du GIS Asie, en ligne; In Japan, the military architectural heritage holds a special position in the urban landscape. First of all, from a quantitative perspective, because there are several thousand archaeological and historical castle sites spread throughout the archipelago, from simple ruins to the grandiose sites of keeps surrounded by moats and fortifications. Also from a qualitative perspective, as the country has five sites listed as national treasures, including Himeji Castle, which was one of the first Japanese cultural properties to be part of the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1993. Finally, from a political perspective, since the end of the feudal Tokugawa regime in 1867, castle sites have played various roles, sometimes neglected for their obsolescence, sometimes used for their strong symbolic value. Today, castles are major assets for cities: their conservation, enhancement and use represent major economic and political stakes.This paper proposes a double reading of Japan's castles heritage, from the point of view of its value as a testimony of the past but also of its current heritage issues related to tourism and international politics.; Au Japon, le patrimoine architectural militaire occupe une place particulière dans le paysage urbain. D’un point de vue quantitatif tout d’abord, parce que l’on dénombre plusieurs milliers de sites archéologiques et historiques de châteaux répartis sur l’ensemble de l’archipel, de la simple ruine aux sites grandioses des donjons ceints de douves et de fortifications. D’un point de vue qualitatif également, car le pays compte cinq sites classés trésors nationaux, dont le château de Himeji qui est l’un des premiers biens culturels japonais à être inscrit sur la liste du patrimoine mondial de l’Unesco en 1993. D’un point de vue politique enfin, puisque depuis la fin du régime féodal des Tokugawa en 1867, les sites castraux ont joué des rôles divers, tantôt négligés pour leur désuétude, tantôt utilisés pour leur forte symbolique. Aujourd’hui, les châteaux constituent des atouts de taille pour les villes : leurs conservation, valorisation et utilisation représentent des enjeux économiques et politiques majeurs.Cet article propose une double lecture du patrimoine castral du Japon, sous l’angle de sa valeur de témoignage du passé mais également des enjeux patrimoniaux actuels qui lui sont associés, liés au tourisme et à la politique internationale.

Country
France
Related Organizations
Keywords

Patrimoine, Japon, [SHS.ARCHI]Humanities and Social Sciences/Architecture, space management, Asia, Japan, Castles, Asie, Heritage, Reconstruction, [SHS.ART]Humanities and Social Sciences/Art and art history, [SHS.MUSEO]Humanities and Social Sciences/Cultural heritage and museology, Châteaux, [SHS]Humanities and Social Sciences

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  • citations
    This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    0
    popularity
    This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
    Average
    influence
    This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    Average
    impulse
    This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
    Average
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citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Impulse provided by BIP!
0
Average
Average
Average
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Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage
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