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Pergamos
2023
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Μεικτοί και υβριδικοί, ελληνικοί, αρχιτεκτονικοί ρυθμοί.

Authors: Michalakopoulou Anastasia;

Μεικτοί και υβριδικοί, ελληνικοί, αρχιτεκτονικοί ρυθμοί.

Abstract

Στόχος της εργασίας αυτής ήταν ο εντοπισμός των περιπτώσεων όπου εμφανίζονται μείξεις αρχιτεκτονικών ρυθμών, καθώς και η μελέτη τους. Η ελληνική αρχιτεκτονική χαρακτηρίζεται από τους ρυθμούς, με τους δύο διασημότερους, το δωρικό και τον ιωνικό, να αναπτύσσονται από τους αρχαϊκούς κιόλας χρόνους. Ενώ κάθε ρυθμός αναπτύσσεται σε διαφορετικό περιβάλλον, με διαφορετικό τρόπο, εντοπίζονται περιπτώσεις όπου αυτοί συνδυάζονται και χρησιμοποιούνται ταυτόχρονα, δημιουργώντας νέες μορφές. Οι περιπτώσεις μείξης ρυθμών ξεκινούν από νωρίς, με το δωρικό και τον ιωνικό να συνδυάζονται σε ένα κτήριο, δίνοντας στους αρχιτέκτονες τη δυνατότητα να πειραματιστούν με τους ρυθμούς. Η διάθεση για πειραματισμό γίνεται μάλιστα εντονότερη όσο απομακρύνεται κανείς από τα μεγάλα αστικά κέντρα, όπως για παράδειγμα στην περίπτωση των αποίκων στην Ιταλία. Με το πέρασμα των χρόνων και κυρίως κατά την ελληνιστική εποχή, οι αρχιτεκτονικοί κανόνες γίνονται ελαστικότεροι και οι μείξεις ρυθμών γίνονται όλο και συχνότερο φαινόμενο, ξεπερνώντας κάθε προηγούμενο. Ειδικότερα, με την αλεξανδρινή επιρροή, οι ρυθμοί εμφανίζονται σε πρωτοφανείς συνδυασμούς. Έχοντας ως στόχο τη μελέτη της αρχιτεκτονικής, οφείλει κανείς να μελετήσει και τις πληροφορίες που μας δίνει η αγγειογραφία. Από τις σκηνές που μας σώθηκαν μπορούμε να εξάγουμε ορισμένα συμπεράσματα για κτήρια μη ακαδημαϊκού τύπου, (συνήθως κατασκευασμένα από φθαρτά υλικά π.χ. κρήνες), που δε θα μπορούσαμε να γνωρίζουμε αλλιώς τη μορφή τους. Σε τέτοιου είδους περιπτώσεις φαίνεται πως οι μείξεις ρυθμών ήταν εξαιρετικά συχνές, φτάνοντας πολλές φορές σε σημείο να μην μπορούμε να είμαστε σίγουροι για την αξιοπιστία των σκηνών. Ωστόσο φαίνεται πως διαχρονικά, οι περιπτώσεις μείξεις αφορούσαν κτήρια που δεν είχαν κάποιο θρησκευτικό ρόλο. The aim of this work was to identify the cases of mixed architectural orders, as well as the study of these cases. Greek architecture is characterized by orders, with the two most famous, the Doric and the Ionian, developing from the archaic times. While each rhythm develops in a different area, in a different way, cases are identified where these are combined and used simultaneously, giving rise to new forms. The cases of mixing orders begin early, with the Doric and Ionic being combined in one building, giving architects the opportunity to experiment. The mood for experimentation becomes even more intense as one moves away from the large urban centers, as for example in the case of the colonists in Italy. With the passage of time and especially during the Hellenistic era, architectural orders become more elastic and the mixing of rhythms becomes a more and more frequent phenomenon, surpassing any previous one. In particular, with the Alexandrian influence, orders appear in unprecedented combinations. Aiming at the study of architecture, one must also study the information that pottery gives us. From the scenes which have been preserved to us, we may draw certain conclusions about buildings of a non-academic type, (usually made of perishable materials e.g. fountains), which we could not otherwise have known their form. In such cases it seems that the combination of orders was extremely frequent, often reaching the point that we can not be sure of the reliability of the scenes. However, it seems that over time, the cases of mixtures concerned buildings that did not have a religious role.

Country
Greece
Keywords

Archaeology, Αρχαιολογία

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citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
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